What happened to eleanor strubing

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He also teaches writing at New Jersey City University. Supreme Court, was the lead attorney in the landmark Brown vs. Very few people know that early in his career Marshall was one of the tiny corps of attorneys for the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People NAACP and that the civil rights group sent him bouncing from one city to another to handle racial discrimination cases. One of them was rather common, even if it took place in liberal-to-the-bone-Connecticut. Ina wealthy white woman in Greenwich, Connecticut, Eleanor Strubing, had her chauffeur, Joseph Spell, arrested for rape. She charged that he not only raped her four times in one night, but tossed her into the back of a car, bound and gagged, and then threw her off a bridge into a reservoir in an effort to kill her. All of white Connecticut was in an uproar. You are thinking prejudice in Connecticut in ? Of course there was. There are hundreds of photos that show blacks sitting in black only movie house balconies in Connecticut, New Jersey and just about anywhere in the Northeast in the s. Connecticut, and its prejudices, was as bad as Mississippi. Attorney Marshall raced to Greenwich and with local white Jewish attorney Sam Friedman took on the case and were confronted by white protestors when they arrived on the steps of the court house. The arrival set the tone for the story. The film has no electricity in it. There are no riots, marches, halls full of screaming people, KKK rallies or all black schools. It is a slowly escalating legal drama that in two hours offers a deep and rich characterization of Thurgood Marshall. He was, in the film, a cocky, handsome young man who always wore his fedora at an angle to top off the brash lawyer beneath it. He had swagger and he commanded all in his world. Marshall, who was forbidden to talk in the court room until he exploded at one point, put together a defense step by step, point by point. He proved that Spell could not have raped her and that she was not bound and gagged and incapable, as she claimed, of yelling for help. Why did she accuse the black chauffeur of the crime, then?

The True Story Behind “Marshall”


T he legal career of Thurgood Marshall — the man who became famous arguing cases such as Brown v. Board of Education and in became the first black Supreme Court justice — is full of cases that changed the American legal landscape. And yet it provides a window into a side of civil-rights history that is often overshadowed — but no less important. The facts of the case, as described in Rawn James Jr. She claimed that over the course of one December night, he had raped her four times, written a ransom note, bound and gagged her, and then thrown her into a reservoir. Spell maintained that while it was true that he had initiated a sexual interaction, it had been consensual, and that they had stopped when she said she was worried about being found out. Marshall and local attorney Samuel Friedman played in the movie by Josh Gad suggested that Strubing had lied about the rape in order to deal with her own guilt and fear about what she had done, and convinced the jury that her story was inconsistent with her own prior statements and the physical evidence. Spell was found not guilty. They also were helpful for the NAACP as an organization, as lurid news coverage helped drum up membership. As Mark V. And, though segregation was not the law of the land in states like Connecticut and Marshall was less likely to face the threat of physical violence in the course of doing his job therethe Spell case is a reminder that such a shield was necessary in the North too. Thanks to barriers on employment, education and residency, African-Americans were left with few options beyond domestic work of the type Spell performed. Proving his innocence was also a matter of economic life and death, as reports spread of fearful white families dismissing their black employees. That aspect of the case was explored by Daniel J. Sharfstein, a professor of law and history at Vanderbilt, in a Legal Affairs articlepointing out that none other than W. People would listen, locally and nationally. And in retrospect, what they would have heard was an additional unfortunate lesson about the history of civil rights. Write to Lily Rothman at lily. Brown in a scene from Marshall. By Lily Rothman. Get our History Newsletter. Put today's news in context and see highlights from the archives. Please enter a valid email address. Sign Up Now. Check the box if you do not wish to receive promotional offers via email from TIME. You can unsubscribe at any time. By signing up you are agreeing to our Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Thank you! For your security, we've sent a confirmation email to the address you entered. Click the link to confirm your subscription and begin receiving our newsletters. If you don't get the confirmation within 10 minutes, please check your spam folder. Related Stories. Most Popular Stories. Sign Up for Our Newsletters Sign up to receive the top stories you need to know now on politics, health and more.

AP Was There: The rape case at the center of "Marshall" film


More than a decade later, Marshall achieved fame for his role arguing the landmark Brown v. Board of Education case that outlawed segregation in public schools. He later became a Supreme Court justice. The rape trial was covered by multiple news organizations, including The Associated Press. Eleanor Strubingattractive Greenwich socialite, was acquitted tonight by a Superior Court jury of six men and six women. As the foreman announced the acquittal, audible gasps came from several in the courtroom. Spectators included Philip Strubing, a Philadelphia attorney and brother-in-law of Mrs. He was arrested last December 11 in the basement of the Strubing home after Mrs. Testifying at the trial for a day and a half last week, Mrs. Strubing said Spellwho had been in her employ as a butler and chauffeur less than two months, accosted her in her bedroom as she emerged from a shower bath, attacked her, made her write a ransom note to her husband who was away at the time and then took her on a wild automobile ride. Spell, defended by the National Association for the Advancement of Colored Peoplestolidly denied her story. He testified he left her at the reservoir at her own request, and drove away only when she refused to heed his calls to return to the car. Manage Newsletters. Click to Read More and View Comments. Click to Hide. Hallow Cal Thomas Clifford D. May Cheryl K. Donald Trump. Bernie Sanders. Joe Biden. Federal Reserve. New York City. World Health Organization. The Associated Press is republishing a version of its report of the acquittal. Sign up for Daily Newsletters Manage Newsletters. Please read our comment policy before commenting.

Marshall (2017)


The Marshall true story confirms that he met famed poet Langston Hughes while they were attending Lincoln University together. He knew everything there was to be known. He'd been around the world twice before he was 21 on tramp steamers. He studied and he just self-studied and then he went to Lincoln. He was a great guy. I liked him. Marshall was affiliated with the Democratic Party. During our fact-check of the Marshall movie, we confirmed that one of his great-grandfathers was born in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. He was captured and brought to America as a slave. The real Thurgood Marshall left and Chadwick Boseman right as the groundbreaking attorney in the movie. He came to my bedroom door with a knife and raped me," Eleanor told Dr. Francis G. Zeier in her conversation with the physician who examined her. I don't think I could have stood it much longer" The Helena Independent. During the day and a half she spent on the stand testifying, Eleanor, 32, told the jury that year-old Joseph Spell attacked her when she emerged from the shower in her Greenwich, Connecticut home on the night of December 10, She said she screamed, hoping to wake his common-law wife, Virgus Clark, asleep upstairs in an attic bedroom. Eleanor claimed Spell hurled her onto the bed. She struggled at first, but he threatened to kill her. She stated that Spell had raped her a total of four times that night while her hands were tied. Bound and gagged, she complained that the bonds on her hands were cutting into her skin. He cut them before ordering her out of the car. He threw her into the water to "get rid of her," and she said she was able to take off her heavy fur coat and undo the ropes that bound her legs. After he was gone, she swam the rest of the way to the shore. In the pre-dawn hours of December 11, two truck drivers, Henry Herlihy and Samuel Caesar, discovered her on the reservoir's edge in a semi-hysterical condition, her clothing drenched The Philadelphia Inquirer. Eleanor Strubing's butler-chauffeur, Joseph Spell, said that he only went to his employer's bedroom to ask for money to send to his sick mother. Wearing nothing but a silk robe, she let him in. He said that not only did she readily give him the money, but she "led him on. He didn't deny having sex with her but denied using any sort of force, claiming that it was consensual. He said she didn't want to do it in the bedroom for fear of being discovered after her pet schnauzer started barking, so they went down to the garage and had sex in the car. In his book Thurgood Marshall: American Revolutionarybiographer Juan Williams writes that they stopped intercourse when the fear of getting pregnant came over Eleanor. He then suggested they go for a drive, which Eleanor said would be okay and she put on her fur coat. Yet even the car ride was making her nervous of being discovered. She told him to drive into New York, then suddenly instructed him to pull over at the Kensico Reservoir, where she darted from the car. Spell claims he pleaded with her to return home, but he decided not to chase after her for fear that she would hurt herself. He left and went to play blackjack at a friend's house before returning home.

Eleanor Steber

When Connecticut socialite Eleanor Strubing appeared on a highway in Westchester County, New York, soaked, battered and frantic late one night in Decemberthe story she told riveted the nation. The accused, a year-old man named Joseph Spell, had a different version of the events of that night. The story of the trial is the central narrative in Marshalla new movie directed by Reginald Hudlin a warning: lots of spoilers for the movie ahead. Born in Baltimore inMarshall was the son of a steward and a kindergarten teacher. Constitution which was actually assigned to him as punishment for misbehaving in class. Marshall attended the historically black college Lincoln University and graduated with honors in before attending Howard Law School, where he came under the guidance of civil rights lawyer Charles Houston. At the time of the Spell trial, Marshall was already gaining a stellar reputation as a lawyer who fought racial injustice across the country, particularly in the South it would be another 14 years before he argued Brown v. And while Marshall was fully invested in the more theoretically difficult cases to do with education and segregation, he was more than happy to take on clients like Joseph Spell. First, Marshall needed a co-counselor based in Connecticut to help him argue the case, someone more familiar with the laws and politics particular to the state. At the time of the incident in question, Spell and his wife Virgis Clark, lived in the attic of the Strubing home. When he saw her, Spell proclaimed his interest in having an affair with her. She agreed, as long as he kept it secret, but was afraid of being discovered in the bedroom. So the two went down to the car and began having sex, until the fear of being impregnated overtook her, writes biographer Juan Williams in Thurgood Marshall: American Revolutionary. But even the drive made Strubing fearful of being found out. She told Spell to head into New York, then ordered him to pull over at the Kensico Reservoir and jumped out of the car. Spell, worried she might hurt herself if he attempted to pursue her any further, finally left. That was where two truckers found Strubing later in the evening, when she made her accusation. Spell was taken into police custody only a few hours later. He points to the Scottsboro Boys trial as one poignant example of this kind of injustice. The case revolved around nine African-American teenagers sentenced to death for raping two white women, though no evidence was ever found of that charge most of the sentences were lowered, and some of the men had their verdicts overturned. But the Scottsboro case was only one of a multitude. Inthe black Florida town of Rosewood was destroyed, its residents massacred, after a black man was accused of raping a white woman. Inyear-old Emmett Till was brutally murdered for allegedly flirting with a white woman. With white men and colored women, however, the unwritten law is usually forgotten. Marshall was aware of the bias he might be fighting against with a jury comprised entirely of white citizens. It seems to me that he is not only innocent but is in a position where everyone else knows he is innocent. If Spell lost, they might soon have even fewer options to earn income. But for all her inconsistencies, Strubing was still a society woman. Her father was an investment banker and the former governor of the Philadelphia Stock Exchange; her husband drove an ambulance in World War I and went to Princeton. Friedman, knowing that Spell had been married multiple times and engaged in other extramarital affairs, decided to lean into the stereotypes of black men held by his audience, Sharfstein writes. It would be better for them to see Spell as an immoral adulterer, confirming their racist assumptions, than as a rapist, Friedman felt.

Marshall - Feature



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