Types of swords

Types of swords

Swords are quite amazing. And they have a very long history. And over the centuries of sword making and sword use there have been a lot of varations. In this article I have chosen some of the major types of swords with included illustrations. The purpose here is to give you a good cross section of the different sword types. There are a lot of reasons why swords vary so much and let me give you a quick summary. Rapier - th centuries. About 36 inches long with a thin blade of about one inch. Mostly a stabbing weapon although sometimes sharpened with an edge on one or both sides. The hilt was either a shield or a complex basket of wires. Viking Sword - This covers a lot of ground and quite a few centuries but the Viking age is around the 9th to 11th centuries. This sword did vary a bit of course and over the centuries the length grew a few inches the pommel changed and the crossbar was extended. Falchion - typically about 36 inches in length. So, it had tremendous striking power but was slower as a sword. Katana inches. It is a Japanese weapon and It saw its greatest use and achieved its current shape between the 14th and 16th centuries. It is a curved blade slashing weapon that is sharpened on one side. Scimitar - 12th th century Persian and Middle Eastern slashing sword with a curved blade and sharpened on one edge. Khopesh - typically inches in length. It was used by the Egyptians from approximately 3, bc to 1, bc. In the yearly centuries it was made of Bronze and in the later centuries it was made of Iron. The curved blade gave it added strength and made it a good hacking weapon. The pointed tip which pointed back at the user was useful as a hook which could hook and pull an opponents weapon. If you would like to see more and make a cardboard khopesh I have a tutorial here: How to Make a Khopesh. Sabre - This has a curved blade with one edge and a pretty big handguard which also had an extension that protected the thumb. The Sabre has many predecessors dating back to the Middle Ages and the form we see here and know as the sabre came into existence and use around the 18th century and saw extensive use into the 19th century. The Swiss version of the sabre appeared as early as the 16th century. Right up until the early 19th century it was a common weapon for soldiers and in particular cavalry. Chinese Dao - They are a single edged sword with strong hacking and slashing capabilities. Occasionally a few inches of the back side were also sharpened. They changed a lot over many centuries and the first instances of the curved shape are first recorded around the 11th century. There are a few different variations of this sword and some are a standard in various martial art systems. Longsword - 2 handed and usually the blade was inches in length add another foot of handle and this sword could be as much as five feet in length. It was used from the 14th to 16th centuries. A sword of this length was only capable of being made when the art of blacksmithing had advanced enough to make high quality steels. Roman Gladius - Typically 25 - 32 inches in length.

Types of Samurai Swords

Throughout history, different types of swords have been utilized by warriors who charged and fought on the battlefield. Generally speaking, a sword is referred to as a bladed weapon created specifically for thrusting or slashing since it was made longer than a dagger or knife. However, the accurate definition of this term generally varies with its geographical region or historical period. A sword is primarily made up of a long blade that is fixed to a hilt and its blade could either be curved or straight. Swords that were made specifically for thrusting featured a blade with a pointed tip and these tended to be straighter compared to that of the slashing swords; as for these types of weapons, the blades of the slashing swords featured sharpened cutting edges on both of its sides. These are commonly curved for more efficiency. There are numerous types of swords designed and fashioned for both slashing and thrusting, and listed below are the different types of swords available:. The medieval sword was considered as the primary types of swords that were utilized by the knights and these — including the medieval armor — developed and evolved with new ideas, as well as technology. Right at the beginning of the period, the double-edged slashing swords were utilized for battle, but as time passed, it improved and turned into a much better, durable, diamond-shaped sword that could readily be thrust between the rings of a chain mail with ease. The medieval sword was featured in different styles and types, and this also goes for the armor that was utilized on the battlefield. The numerous types of swords that were present in the medieval era included blades such as the falchion swords, broadsword, long swords, bastard swords, scimitar, batonsand the great swords. A nihonto is among the numerous types of swords that have been produced as early as the Kofun era. Generally, the samurai swords refer to weapons with arched blades that were created right after the Heian period. There is a large number of Japanese blades that differ in shape, size, method of production, and field of application; some of the more known or popular nihonto includes the katana, tachi, odachi, and the wakizashi. Numerous African cultures have created their own styles and types of swords to utilize for numerous purposes; though a lot of the non-Arabic designs and concepts were typically the straight, double-edged longswords. The types of swords of the Chinese also have a long history just like China; and during the prehistoric times, stone swords were utilized for various activities. A few records claim that bronze swords were traced back to classic bronze daggers that came from the Western Zhou erayet these were not primarily utilized until the Eastern Zhou period. Knives and swords that were acquired in Southeast Asia were mostly influenced by the different types of swords from the Chinese, Indian, European and Middle Eastern. The generic term for a knife or sword wielded by a variety of ethnic groups was called the Dha and this is actually a Burmese word that translates to blade; its corresponding word in Thai would be darb or daab. The whole Islamic world from the sixteenth to the eighteenth century was influenced by the types of swords such as the scimitar or saif — the curved and single-edged blades. The Turks from Central Asia began utilizing cavalry swords right at the start of the late Hsiung Nu era, and the earliest forms of the single-edged and curved Turkish blades could be linked to the Kok Turk and Hsiung Nu empires. These types of swords were created out of high carbon crucible and pattern-welded steel together with slightly arched blades with a single sharpened edge. To follow the best weight loss journeys, success stories and inspirational interviews with the industry's top coaches and specialists. Start changing your life today! Sign in. Log into your account. Forgot your password? Password recovery. Recover your password. Medieval Swords. Types of Swords. By Swordscholar. September 23, Popular Types of Swords Throughout History Throughout history, different types of swords have been utilized by warriors who charged and fought on the battlefield.

Japanese sword

There are so many different types of Swords that it can be difficult to conclusively classify them into neat groups and categories. One respected sword scholar, Colonel D. Gordon, a British army officer trained in sabre and bayonet fencing pre-WWI suggested that weapons less than 14" long should be classified as daggers, " long as dirks, those " as short swords and anything over that length as longswords. Nice and easy, but of course this refers to Western swords only. So below we have grouped together a few basic types of swords not so much by their length but geographic and cultural region as well as their primary function. Perhaps the most diverse and exotic types of swords, Asian swords include straight, doubled edged Chinese longswords Jian and single edged Chinese Sabers Daoas well as a myriad of other exotic weapons favored by martial artists the world over. Click here for information on functional replica Chinese swords. Designed specifically to cut through human flesh and bone, in the hands of an expert swordsman the Katana was fully capable of cutting a man diagonally in half with one clean blow though it was a highly specialized sword and could not cut gun barrels in half, chop down trees or cut stone as some modern Manga and Anime may have you believe. Click on the link below for more information on Authentic Japanese Swords. Egyptian swords were bronze weapons, typically elongated daggers and dirks, and like many ancient swords were used more as a weapon of last resort, with ancient armies favoring spears, pikes, javelins and the bow and arrow. Of note though is the exotic combination of sword and sickle called the Khopesh, which was commonly used to ritualistically behead captured enemies after a battle and was the most feared sword of the ancient world. Click here for information on modern replica Khopesh. Foils and Rapiers were long, slender bladed swords designed to empathize the thrust and were one of a very few civilian swords ever devised. Surprisingly heavy, a true rapier was much longer and slower than the types of swords used in modern fencing. There are also several types of swords related to the rapier, such as the epee or the 'smallsword'. For more information on Rapiers and Renaissance swords in general click here. The precise military role of these swords is a matter of debate for scholars, though many tend to believe that they were primarily used in 1 on 1 duels and single combat, yet no doubt were also quite useful to 'shock troops' in the front lines to cleave a path through the enemy. The term Claymore is a derivation of the Gaelic "claidheamh-more" great sword and was frequently used by the Scottish Highlanders against the English in the 16th Century. Flamberges were unusual swords somewhat popular with officers and the upper classes in the s. You read more about these types of swords on our medieval swords page here. The term 'longsword' is actually quite nebulous and can refer to many different types of swords depending on the context and time period as we saw earlier, Colonel D. In previous time periods, longswords referred to one handed swords that were typically used in conjunction with a shield or buckler also known as 'broadswords or arming swords'. And a bastard sword? Within these two broad groups, there are many types of swords classified by the late, great sword scholar Ewart Oakeshott — but I try to steer clear of his typology as it is very advanced, and tends to cause flame wars on the various sword forums as the distinctions between the different types of swords he identifies are often somewhat nebulous and can make people act like — er - well. For more information on longs and bastards check out this section of our medieval swords page. The Falchion was the principal side arm of medieval peasant conscript soldiers as it was easy to use and its heavy blade weighted towards the point was capable of delivering tremendous blows that were effective against heavy armor and everything underneath it! Indeed, due to this factor and it's relative ease of use, it was probably the most numerous medieval sword of all time! You can read more about modern replicas of these three main types of swords on our Slicers, Scimitars and Choppers page here. Click on the link for more information on these Ancient Swords.

Swords – ancient Bible wars

The combat skills of Samurai are greatly complemented by the strength of the sword they possess. Samurai possessed many different kinds of swords, which went through many changes in their design over the years. They all had their own qualities and were used according to the type of duel in which the Samurai engaged. Here are types of Japanese swords below:. Japanese swords are still commonly seen today. Some of the more commonly known types of Japanese swords are the katana, wakizashi, tanto, odachi, and tachi, while the most commonly known type of Japanese sword is the Shinogi-Zukuri katanawhich is a single-edged and usually curved longsword traditionally worn by samurai from the 15th century onwards. Here are more details:. The katana sword is characterized by its distinctive appearance: a curved, slender, single edged blade, circular or squared guard, and long grip to accommodate two hands. Most Katana will have a square or round hand guard and the handle will be long enough to accommodate two hands. The Katana began its life aroundduring the Muromachi period. The Katana was unique as it was traditionally worn with the edge facing upwards, allowing the wearer to draw the sword and strike there opponent in a single stroke. In the late 14th and early 15th centuries, katana blades tended to be between 70 and 73 cm During the early 16th century, average length was much closer to 60 cm Overall length of our normal size katana is about Custom service is also available. Wakizashi Sword. The wakizashi was usually worn together with the katana by the samurai or swordsmen of feudal Japan. The katana was often called the sword or the long sword and the wakizashi the companion sword. The Wakizashi could be used as a backup weapon, or in some circumstances could be wielded in the warriors off-hand, if the Samurai was skilled enough to use two swords at the same time. A samurai would have worn it from the time he awoke to the time he went to sleep, and slept with it under his pillow. The katana and its partner sword, the wakizashi sword set were worn together by the samurai and were items of religious importance as well as symbols of samurai integrity and worth. The functional Japanese tanto is a Japanese dagger, strictly one with a guard and has all of the fittings used on swords. The Japanese tanto blade rarely exceeds 12 inches in length and usually accompanying a katana. The Japanese tanto is constantly carried and not being left at the door when paying a visit. Japanese tantos were designed primarily as a stabbing instrument, but the edge can be used to slash as well. Medieval Collectibles has many fully functional Japanese tantos that are authentic in detailing and construction. Nodachi Sword.

Classification of swords

The English-language terminology used in the classification of swords is imprecise, and has varied widely over time, with terms such as "broadsword", "long sword", "short-sword", and "two-handed sword" being used to group together weapons with no particular relation to one another. However in modern times many of these have been given specific meanings although sometimes quite arbitrarily. Some of these terms originate contemporary with the weapon they refer to, others are modern or early modern terms used by antiquarianscuratorsand modern-day sword enthusiasts for historical swords. Terminology was further complicated by terms introduced i. Historical European Martial Arts associations have turned the term spada da latoa term that was coined by Italian curators, into "side-sword". Furthermore, there is a disregard for the use of the term broadsword by these associations. All these newly introduced or redefined sword terms add to the confusion of the matter. The most well known systematic typology of blade types of the European medieval sword is the Oakeshott typology although this is a modern classification and not a medieval one, and has many overlaps. Elizabethans used descriptive terms such as "short", "bastard", and "long" which emphasized the length of the blade, and "two-handed" for any sword that could be wielded as such. Terms classifying swords as "great", "long", "broad", "bastard", "small", "short" or "two-handed" have different meanings in different contexts and may be ambiguous. In the Elizabethan context the size of swords from smallest to biggest would be as follows:. The Scottish name Claymore Gaelic claidheamh morlit. These days, the term longsword most frequently refers to a late Medieval and Renaissance weapon designed for use with two hands. The German langes Schwert "long sword" in 15th-century manuals did not necessarily denote a type of weapon, but the technique of fencing with both hands at the hilt. Contemporary use of "long-sword" or "longsword" only resurfaces in the s in the context of reconstruction of the German school of fencingtranslating the German langes Schwert. Joseph Swetnam states that the bastard sword is a sword that is midway in length between a short-sword and a long sword, [15] and Randall Cotgrave's definition seems to imply this as well. A form of German arming sword with a bastard-style compound hilt was called a "Reitschwert" "cavalry sword" or a "Degen" "knight's sword" ". The Masters of Defence competition organised by Henry VIII in July listed [26] two hande swordebastard sworde and longe sworde as separate items as it should in Joseph Swetnam 's context. Antiquarian usage in the 19th century established the use of "bastard sword" as referring unambiguously to these large swords. The term " hand-and-a-half sword " is modern late 19th century. The Elizabethan long sword c. George Silver [6] and Joseph Swetnam is a single-handed " cut-and-thrust " sword with a four foot long blade [15] similar to the long rapier. The term longsword has also been used to refer to different kinds of sword depending on historical context:. The basket-hilted sword was a military sword, termed "broad, big, large or great" [ citation needed ] in contrast with the smallsword. It must be noted, that the term broadsword was never used historically to describe the one-handed arming sword. This is especially the case for weapons from antiquity that lack access to the technology for the high quality steel that is necessary for reliable swords of the length of a spatha or longer.

A talk about different blade shapes of swords and their effectiveness

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