The endocrine system quiz worksheet answers

Endocrine System Quiz/Worksheet

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Learn About Endocrine System Quiz!

Index Newest Popular Best. Join FunTrivia for Free : Stuck at home?! Join us for community, games, fun, learning, and team play! Accuracy : A team of editors takes feedback from our visitors to keep trivia as up to date and as accurate as possible. Related quizzes can be found here: Endocrine System Quizzes There are 85 questions on this topic. Last updated Apr 09 Search in topic:. The endocrine glands secrete hormones which work like chemical signals that control different parts of the body, making those parts work properly, if they receive the right amount of the hormone. When these dosages are not correct, it can cause many problems in the physiology of the body. Upon which cartilage is it situated? The thyroid gland is actually named for its position on the thyroid cartilage, which forms the Adam's Apple also called the laryngeal prominence. The thyroid cartilage in turn gets its name for the Greek for "shield" referring to its shape. The thyroid gland is not shield-shaped at all; it tends to be thought of as butterfly-shaped and wrapping around the cartilage, however when the neck is opened to view the gland, it is rather amorphous. The arytenoid and cricoid cartilages are indeed situated in the larynx, but the costal cartilages are not: they are the small areas of cartilage that join the bony ribs to the sternum. These islets are found in which organ? That was an easy starter wasn't it? Before synthetic human insulin and human insulin from genetically modified bacteria was available, most insulin originated from slaughterhouses, thus there were pork insulin and beef insulin. The pituitary gland is divided into two lobes, the anterior lobe adenohypophysis and the posterior lobe neurohypophysis. The neurohypophysis secretes oxytocin and ADH, antidiuretic hormone. The other three are secreted by the adenohypophysis. Auto-immunity, in which the immune system mistakes one or more thyroid proteins for foreign proteins, such as those associated with bacteria or viruses, is the main cause of thyroid disease in the US. Auto-immunity can cause the thyroid to be underactive hypothyroidor overactive hyperthyroid. It can cause widespread enlargement resulting in a goiter or regional enlargement leading to thyroid nodules. Iodine deficiency is almost unheard of in the US because most salt is fortified with sodium iodide. Thyroid cancer does occur, but is much less common than breast, lung, or colon cancer, and can be successfully treated in a majority of cases. Radiation exposure can cause thyroid disease, but is also uncommon. In regions downwind from Chernobyl, however, rates of hypothyroidism, and both cancerous and benign thyroid nodules occured at much higher rates than usual for many years after the accident. Estrogen is made in the ovaries. Testosterone is also made in the ovaries, but in much less amount than estrogen. Oxytocin is produced in females by the pituitary gland, and it is responsible for the flow of milk from the breast during lactation. It is also responsible for the contraction of the uterus during childbirth. The endocrine system is composed of ductless glands that secrete hormones into the blood. Which of these statements applies ONLY to endocrine glands? All other statements apply only to exocrine glands, like salivary glands, lacrimal, sebaceous, sweat, and mammary glands among others. Copyright FunTrivia, Inc. All Rights Reserved. FunTrivia is a collaborative community effort, where we are constantly updating questions to keep them accurate. If you find an error, click through to the quiz link under the stated answer and then click "Report error" at the bottom of that page.

The Nervous and Endocrine Systems Worksheets

This worksheet reinforces the location, gland name and action of the hormones secreted by the endocrine system. This two-page worksheet can be used as an in-class activity or as a quiz for the endocrine system. The worksheets are fill-in-the-blank and has three sections:. There are 50 fill-in-the-blank questions. Two forms are included, Form A and Form B, that contain the exact same 50 questions but in a different order in an effort to promote academic integrity among your students. Files are included as a Word document. Instructor key 2 pages. Two forms are included, Form A and Form B, that contain the exact same questions with answers to match the student worksheets. Prior to Instruction: Rather than presenting the endocrine system to the students, have the students take the initiative with their textbook or online resources to complete the worksheets. In this way students have introduced themselves to gland names, hormones and locations. Review after Instruction: After a presentation of the endocrine system, the worksheets can be used to help students review gland names, locations and hormones and connect them to each other in different ways. Grades: This worksheet is best used for high school students in General Biology or Anatomy and Physiology. Additionally, this activity has been used in college level Anatomy and Physiology courses. It is especially well-suited for a community college course in Anatomy and Physiology that serve as pre-requisites for nursing and other allied health fields. Time: Due to its versatility, students could spend only 10 minutes or up to 45 minutes depending on how the instructor prefers to utilize the worksheet. Teachers Pay Teachers is an online marketplace where teachers buy and sell original educational materials. Are you getting the free resources, updates, and special offers we send out every week in our teacher newsletter? All Categories. Grade Level. Resource Type. Log In Join Us. View Wish List View Cart. AnatomyBiologyPhysiology. Grade Levels. WorksheetsAssessment. File Type. Product Description.

AP Biology : Endocrine System

Growth hormone GH stimulates the growth of bone and other tissues in the human body. The hypothalamus is very important in the release of GH through the release of growth-hormone-releasing hormone GHRHwhich causes release of GH from another endocrine gland. The posterior pituitary is responsible for antidiuretic hormone ADH and oxytocin release. The thyroid releases thyroid hormones T3 and T4which control metabolic rates. The pancreas releases glucagon and insulin to control blood sugar levels. Which endocrine gland in the brain regulates the release of hormones from the anterior pituitary? The hypothalamus releases hormones that control the release of hormones from the anterior pituitary, which in turn controls the release of hormones from other endocrine glands. The anterior pituitary is also controlled by several negative feedback systems based on hormones released throughout the body and their effects. Follicle-stimulating hormone FSH and luteinizing hormone LH are both released from the anterior pituitary. Gonadotropin-releasing hormone GnRHreleased from the hypothalamus, is responsible for regulating follicle-stimulating hormone and luteinizing hormone release. Thyroid-stimulating hormone TSH is released from the anterior pituitary and stimulates release of T3 and T4 from the thyroid. Cortisol is a hormone secreted by the adrenal cortex. The adrenal cortex is first stimulated by adrenocorticotropic hormone, which is secreted from the anterior pituitary gland. Signals from the hypothalamus go to the posterior pituitary gland, which is located at the base of the hypothalamus. The pituitary consists of two lobes anterior and posteriorwhich function independently. The anterior and posterior pituitary produce a collection of hormones that are key to endocrine signaling throughout the body. The posterior pituitary will only secrete hormones when stimulated by the hypothalamus. The anterior pituitary gland contains endocrine cells that release hormones through the hypothalamic-hypophyseal axis. Prolactin controls milk production and contributes to regulation of the immune system. Of the listed hormones, prolactin is the only hormone released from the anterior pituitary. Insulin and glucagon are secreted by the pancreas. Cortisol is released by the adrenal cortex; epinephrine is released by the adrenal medulla. Melatonin is secreted by the pineal gland, which is also in the brain. The function of melatonin is not yet certain, but current research hints that it plays functions in regulation of the circadian rhythm. All other hormones are indeed secreted by the pituitary gland. The posterior pituitary only secretes oxytocin and vasopressin antidiuretic hormone. The hypothalamus actually creates these hormones and stores them in the posterior pituitary. The hypothalamus is a structure in the brain responsible for homeostatic control over much of the body. It is responsible for maintaining core body temperature within normal levels. There are special neurons located within the hypothalamus that respond to changes in body temperature. The hypothalamus then sends out signals to the result of the body in response to changes in temperature.

Endocrine System Quiz/Worksheet

Biology, Other Sciences. Played 64 times. Print Share Edit Delete. Live Game Live. Finish Editing. This quiz is incomplete! To play this quiz, please finish editing it. Delete Quiz. Question 1. A group of lipid-based chemicals synthesized by most tissue cells that act as local messengers. Hormone that is structurally related to cholesterol and are lipid soluble. Ductless gland that secretes one or more hormones into the bloodstream. A condition caused by a failure of the adrenal cortex to secrete sufficient cortisol and aldosterone. Cushing's syndrome. Addison's disease. Hormone released by the parathyroid glands that regulates blood calcium levels. External portion of the adrenal gland; its primary hormones, aldosterone and cortisol, influence inflammation, metabolism, interstitial fluid volume, and other functions. Disease caused by too much cortisol from excessive production of glucose from glycogen and protein, and retention of too much salt; causes fat accumulation in certain areas of the body including the face, abdomen, and back of the neck. A hormone secreted by the pancreas that enhances the uptake of glucose by cells, thus lowering blood glucose levels. A type of cell in the hypothalamus that essentially functions as both a nerve cell and an endocrine cell because it generates nerve impulses and releases hormone into blood vessels. A chemical messenger molecule secreted by an endocrine gland or cell into the bloodstream that has effects on specific target cells throughout the body. An intracellular messenger molecule generated by the binding of a chemical messenger hormone or neurotransmitter to a plasma membrane receptor on a cell's outer surface; mediates intracellular responses to an extra-cellular first messenger. Body system that includes all of the hormone-secreting organs and glands; involved in coordination and control of body activities. Organ located behind the stomach; secretes digestive enzymes and bicarbonate into the small intestine and the hormones insulin and glucagon into the bloodstream. Substance produced by basophils and mast cells that causes vasodilation and increases vascular permeability. A hormone secreted by the pineal gland that seems to synchronize our body's daily rhythms and may induce sleep. Glucocorticoid produced by the adrenal cortex, also called hydrocortisone, that during fasting assists in maintaining blood glucose levels by promoting the utilization of fats by increasing the breakdown of protein to amino acids in muscle.

A&P Endocrine Quiz

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