- Machine-readable passport explained
- MACHINE READABLE ZONE
- processMRZ Method
- What is a Machine Readable Visa?
- processMRZ Method
Machine-readable passport explainedGitHub is home to over 40 million developers working together to host and review code, manage projects, and build software together. If nothing happens, download GitHub Desktop and try again. If nothing happens, download Xcode and try again. If nothing happens, download the GitHub extension for Visual Studio and try again. Skip to content. Dismiss Join GitHub today GitHub is home to over 40 million developers working together to host and review code, manage projects, and build software together. Sign up. Python Branch: master. Find file. Sign in Sign up. Go back. Launching Xcode If nothing happens, download Xcode and try again. Latest commit. Arg0s add to mailmap to identify him as a contributor. Latest commit c1ef Mar 25, Non-mandatory field. Empty string by default transliteration dict : Transliteration dictionary for non-ascii chars. This field will be transliterated. In some countries non-mandatory field. Empty string by default. You signed in with another tab or window. Reload to refresh your session. You signed out in another tab or window. Dec 30, Fix 13 genre bug.
MACHINE READABLE ZONE
A machine-readable passport MRP is a machine-readable travel document MRTD with the data on the identity page encoded in optical character recognition format. Many countries began to issue machine-readable travel documents in the s. Most travel passports worldwide are MRPs. Usually passport booklets are issued in "Type 3" format, while identity cards and passport cards typically use the "Type 1" format. The machine-readable zone of a Type 3 travel document spans two lines, and each line is 44 characters long. The following information must be provided in the zone: name, passport number, nationality, date of birth, sex, and passport expiration date. There is room for optional, often country-dependent, supplementary information. The machine-readable zone of a Type 1 travel document spans three lines, and each line is 30 characters long. Computers with a camera and suitable software can directly read the information on machine-readable passports. This enables faster processing of arriving passengers by immigration officials, and greater accuracy than manually read passports, as well as faster data entry, more data to be read and better data matching against immigration databases and watchlists. Apart from optically readable information, many passports contain an RFID chip which enables computers to read a higher amount of information, for example a photo of the bearer. These passports are called biometric passports. Passport booklets have an identity page containing the identity data. The data of the machine-readable zone consists of two rows of 44 characters each. If the names are too long, names are abbreviated to their most significant parts. In that case, the last position must contain an alphabetic character to indicate possible truncation, and if there is a given name, the two fillers and at least one character of it must be included. The value of each position is then multiplied by its weight; the weight of the first position is 7, of the second it is 3, and of the third it is 1, and after that the weights repeat 7, 3, 1, and so on. All values are added together and the remainder of the final value divided by 10 is the check digit. Some values that are different from ISO alpha-3 are used for the issuing country and nationality field: . Smaller documents such as identity and passport cards are usually in the TD1 size, which is The data of the machine-readable zone in a TD1 size card consists of three rows of 30 characters each. Some official travel documents are in the larger TD2 size, They have a layout of the MRZ with two rows of 36 characters each, similar to the TD3 format, but with 31 characters for the name, 7 for the personal number and one less check digit. Yet some official travel documents are in the booklet format with a TD3 identity page. In addition to ISO alpha-3 code with modifications used for issuing country in passports, also the following organization is accepted:. They come in two different formats:. The dimensions of the effective reading zone ERZ is standardized at This is in order to allow use of a single machine reader. The nationality codes shall contain the ISO alpha-3 code with modifications for all formats, as described in the passport booklets chapter. The check digit calculation method is also the same for all formats. Apostrophes and similar punctuation marks have to be omitted, but hyphens and spaces should be replaced by an opening angle bracket. Diacritical marks are not permitted in the MRZ. Even though they may be useful to distinguish names, the use of diacritical marks in the MRZ could confuse machine-reading equipment. Section 6 of the part 3 document specifies transliteration of letters outside the A—Z range. There are also tables for the transliteration of names written using Cyrillic and Arabic scripts, mainly based on transliteration rules into English. People having names using the listed letters sometimes have trouble with ignorant officials; for example, the document is thought to be a forgery or with airline tickets not having the same spelling as the passport. Russian visas and Russian internal passports since have a different transliteration into the machine-readable zone. This makes it easier to transliterate the name back to Cyrillic. For airline tickets, visas and more, the advice is to only use the first name written in the passport. This is a problem for people who use their second name as defined by the order in the passport as their main name in daily speech.
What is a Machine Readable Visa?
This section contains policy, procedures and guidance used by Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada staff. When a passport contains a MRC, there will be a small image of a camera displayed on its cover, as indicated in the example below:. Mopumgamboyo shall be recored as an AKA alias or other name. An apostrophe in a name shall be recorded in the primary name by the officer because it is reproduced in a VIZ but is not reproduced in the MRZ or MRC, if available, where it is omitted and there is no space between the parts of the name that are separated by an apostrophe in the VIZ. For example:. Exceptional situation- The order of names does not match the order of names on other documents by the same government In rare instances, such as with passports and travel documents issued by the government of Eritrea, the VIZ displays multiple names in one name field [they do not contain separate fields for the family name s and given name s ]. However, the applicant may hold other government issued documents that clearly show which of the names is the family name; yet the MRZ does not display the same family name in the MRZ. Marie is listed in the portion of the MRZ where the family name is to be displayed. Elizabeth and Smith are shown as the given name s. However, the applicant provides other government issued documents that show Smith as the family name and Marie and Elizabeth as given names. Some passports or travel documents will contain an official amendment in the "Observations" section of the travel document for example, a married name. In rare instances, the VIZ displays multiple names in one name field [they do not contain separate fields for the family name s and given name s ] and there is no MRZ to clarify the name separation or the MRZ does not clarify the order of names. In such situations, knowledge of local naming customs should be taken into consideration. There may, on occasion, encounter handwritten passports. For example: If the passport lists the names in the following order: Muhammad Hafiz Khan, and we are to apply the customary naming procedure as per the Bangladeshi embassy, CIC would record Muhammad Hafiz as the given name sand Khan is the family name. In rare instances, some travel documents may include a field in the VIZ such as postname or community name. At times, these fields will contain a name. In this instance, the family name would be recorded as Lin, since it is in the family name portion of the MRZ, and the name Chien-Sheng would be recorded as the given name swith a hyphen as indicated in the VIZ portion of the passport. Some foreign passports have only one name field, where the full name of the holder i. In such cases, the MRZ should be consulted to determine how the full name breaks down into given name s and family name s parts. In the case of passports with only one name field, do not identify a name using whatever name is indicated on the application form, unless the name is also found in the MRZ of the passport. In cases of a passport that has only one field for all names; there is no MRZ to rely upon; and it is not possible to establish the correct name based on knowledge of local naming customs, the application form may be referred to CIC for clarification, if assistance is required. Please indicate "Naming Procedure Question" in the subject line. Please also include a suggested course of action, based on your knowledge of local naming customs. You will not receive a reply. Skip to main content Skip to "About government". Naming Procedures: MRC. Truncated names in the MRZ. When "observations" override the MRZ. For example: There may, on occasion, encounter handwritten passports. Naming Procedures Discrepancies - One name field. Naming Procedures Discrepancies - Procedure for significant discrepancies. Report a problem or mistake on this page. Please select all that apply: A link, button or video is not working. It has a spelling mistake.