- MACHINE READABLE ZONE
- Naming procedures: How to read travel documents (MRZ, MRC, VIZ)
- processMRZ Method
- What is a Machine Readable Visa?
- Machine-readable passport
MACHINE READABLE ZONEA machine-readable passport MRP is a machine-readable travel document MRTD with the data on the identity page encoded in optical character recognition format. Many countries began to issue machine-readable travel documents in the s. Most travel passports worldwide are MRPs. Usually passport booklets are issued in "Type 3" format, while identity cards and passport cards typically use the "Type 1" format. The machine-readable zone of a Type 3 travel document spans two lines, and each line is 44 characters long. The following information must be provided in the zone: name, passport number, nationality, date of birth, sex, and passport expiration date. There is room for optional, often country-dependent, supplementary information. The machine-readable zone of a Type 1 travel document spans three lines, and each line is 30 characters long. Computers with a camera and suitable software can directly read the information on machine-readable passports. This enables faster processing of arriving passengers by immigration officials, and greater accuracy than manually read passports, as well as faster data entry, more data to be read and better data matching against immigration databases and watchlists. Apart from optically readable information, many passports contain an RFID chip which enables computers to read a higher amount of information, for example a photo of the bearer. These passports are called biometric passports. Passport booklets have an identity page containing the identity data. The data of the machine-readable zone consists of two rows of 44 characters each. If the names are too long, names are abbreviated to their most significant parts. In that case, the last position must contain an alphabetic character to indicate possible truncation, and if there is a given name, the two fillers and at least one character of it must be included. The value of each position is then multiplied by its weight; the weight of the first position is 7, of the second it is 3, and of the third it is 1, and after that the weights repeat 7, 3, 1, and so on. All values are added together and the remainder of the final value divided by 10 is the check digit. Some values that are different from ISO alpha-3 are used for the issuing country and nationality field: . Smaller documents such as identity and passport cards are usually in the TD1 size, which is The data of the machine-readable zone in a TD1 size card consists of three rows of 30 characters each. Some official travel documents are in the larger TD2 size, They have a layout of the MRZ with two rows of 36 characters each, similar to the TD3 format, but with 31 characters for the name, 7 for the personal number and one less check digit. Yet some official travel documents are in the booklet format with a TD3 identity page. In addition to ISO alpha-3 code with modifications used for issuing country in passports, also the following organization is accepted:. They come in two different formats:. The dimensions of the effective reading zone ERZ is standardized at This is in order to allow use of a single machine reader. The nationality codes shall contain the ISO alpha-3 code with modifications for all formats, as described in the passport booklets chapter. The check digit calculation method is also the same for all formats. Apostrophes and similar punctuation marks have to be omitted, but hyphens and spaces should be replaced by an opening angle bracket. Diacritical marks are not permitted in the MRZ. Even though they may be useful to distinguish names, the use of diacritical marks in the MRZ could confuse machine-reading equipment. Section 6 of the part 3 document specifies transliteration of letters outside the A—Z range. There are also tables for the transliteration of names written using Cyrillic and Arabic scripts, mainly based on transliteration rules into English. People having names using the listed letters sometimes have trouble with ignorant officials; for example, the document is thought to be a forgery or with airline tickets not having the same spelling as the passport. Russian visas and Russian internal passports since have a different transliteration into the machine-readable zone.
Naming procedures: How to read travel documents (MRZ, MRC, VIZ)
In this article, we are explaining what these passports are and how they function. Find your passport and open the first page. You can clearly decipher your name, but what do the rest of those characters mean? These characters are some of your personal data which is encoded in optical character recognition format. Okay, but how does this all concern you? Next three characters represent the country that issued the passport in ISO alpha-3 codes. Next 39 characters are reserved for surname and first name. If any part of the name is too long, it can be shortened to fit the first line of the MRZ. This character is a check digit. Next three characters represent the nationality of the passport holder. Sex of the passport holder. This is a check digit for positions 1 to 10, 14 to 20, and 22 to 43 on the second line. Transliterations are also necessary since only letters from A to Z are allowed in the machine-readable zone. Here are some of the letters and their transliterations:. Also, Cyrillic and Arabic names need to be transliterated into their Latin versions. Besides passports, there are also other machine-readable travel documents, or for short MRTD. These are identity cards, passport cards and machine-readable visas. Their formats vary, as do the number of the machine-readable characters on them. They also have slight variations in their characters. Skip to content What is a Machine-Readable Passport? Updated Next three characters represent the country that issued the passport in ISO alpha-3 codes ; 4. If any part of the name is too long, it can be shortened to fit the first line of the MRZ; 5. Next three characters represent the nationality of the passport holder; 8. Check digit based on the date of birth; Personal number; Check digit based on the personal number; Have fun deciphering your MRZ! Need a visa? Popular Posts. Place of Birth vs. Place of Origin Updated by Nina Bovan. What is a Machine-Readable Passport? Updated by Nina Bovan. Visa application in just 7 minutes via our fully automated visa form. Related articles Summer Plans? Demande d'emploi. Accepted file types: doc, docx, pdf, txt. Accepted file types: dec, docx, pdf, txt.
What is a Machine Readable Visa?