- Rabies Vaccine
- Here’s How Vaccination Can Save Lives And Money
- The Cost Of Owning And Keeping A Pet In The Philippines
- The Cost Of Owning And Keeping A Pet In The Philippines
- Rabies-Free Philippines: Vaccination Is Key
Rabies VaccineRabies is a human infection that occurs after a transdermal bite or scratch by an infected animal, like dogs and cats. Rabies may also occur, though in very rare cases, through inhalation of virus-containing spray or through organ transplants. The DOH said that rabies is considered to be a neglected disease, which is percent fatal though percent preventable. It is not among the leading causes of mortality and morbidity in the country but it is regarded as a significant public health problem because first it is one of the most acutely fatal infections and it is responsible for the death of to Filipinos annually. Mario Baquilod, director of the DOH Disease Prevention and Control Bureau, also revealed the good news that 49 municipalities were already declared rabies-free. To stamp out human rabies, the DOH is calling on those who have been bitten by either a pet or stray animal, to avail of free vaccines against the deadly infection in all the animal bite treatment centers across the country. The full course of post-exposure prophylaxis, equivalent to eight doses of anti-rabies vaccines would be administered free of charge to those seeking emergency treatment for animal bites. These free vaccines could easily be availed of in the animal bite treatment centers nationwide. The vaccines used for both pre-exposure and post-exposure vaccination are the same, but the immunization schedule differs. Rabies immunoglobulin is used only for post-exposure prophylaxis. Modern vaccines of cell-culture or embryonated-egg origin are safer and more effective than the older vaccines, which were produced in brain tissue. Pre-exposure vaccination should be offered to people at high risk of exposure to rabies, such as laboratory staff working with rabies virus, veterinarians, animal handlers and wildlife officers, and other individuals living in or travelling to countries or areas at risk. Travellers with extensive outdoor exposure in rural areas — such as might occur while running, bicycling, hiking, camping, backpacking, etc. Preexposure vaccination is advisable for children living in or visiting countries or areas at risk, where they provide an easy target for rabid animals. For adults, the vaccine should always be administered in the deltoid area of the arm; for young children under 1 year of agethe anterolateral area of the thigh is recommended. Rabies vaccine should never be administered in the gluteal area: administration in this manner will result in lower neutralizing antibody titres. To reduce the cost of cell-derived vaccines for pre-exposure rabies vaccination, intradermal ID vaccination in 0. This method of administration is an acceptable alternative to the standard intramuscular administration, but it is technically more demanding and requires appropriate staff training and qualified medical supervision. Concurrent use of chloroquine can reduce the antibody response to intradermal application of cell-culture rabies vaccines. People who are currently receiving malaria prophylaxis or who are unable to complete the entire three-dose pre-exposure series before starting malarial prophylaxis should therefore receive pre-exposure vaccination by the intramuscular route. Periodic booster injections are not recommended for general travellers. Ideally, the first dose should be administered on the day of exposure and the second 3 days later. This should be combined with thorough wound treatment. Modern rabies vaccines are well tolerated. The frequency of minor adverse reactions such as local pain, erythema, swelling and pruritus varies widely from one report to another.
Here’s How Vaccination Can Save Lives And Money
Pretty much had a similar experience. But I got the vaccines for free. You have to be a Cebu City registered voter in order to be entertained at the City Hall. Here are the requirements if you need medical attention at the City Health: 1. Barangay Health referral you can get from your local brgy health center 2. Rabies is scary. I kid you not. I can't walk down the street in the neighborhood without thinking every dog and cat I encounter has it. Dogs and cats are running around everywhere unchecked and unleashed and until pet owners take the responsibility for their pets this disease will continue to proliferate in the Philippines. Not to mention the huge amount of poo that I have to watch out for daily! But that's a whole separate blog. If you're not familiar with rabies it is a viral disease that causes acute inflammation of the brain in humans and other warm-blooded animals. It's not a pretty disease. So if you get bit, get the shots. No buts about it just get the shots. Also, if you get scratched get the shots. You might think it would be a long shot but it is better to be safe than sorry. Filipino's have this tendency to just shrug it off or "mahiya" and they don't get the shot. But I implore you, get the shots. Now that I have mentioned that, what is the procedure here in the Philippines? Well, it depends on the area you live in. In Taguig, the standard shots are free of charge. But in other areas you have to pay for everything. The first thing you need to do after getting bit is to clean the wound with soap and clean water. Dress the wound and make sure the animal is secured. Go to the local barangay health office and tell them what happened. They will give you an anti-tetanus shot and give you some instructions. The local health office will also give you a recommendation letter that you will need to show to the hospital staff when you get your shots. Go directly to the hospital as this is considered an emergency. The shorter the travel to your brain is the faster you can get the symptoms. And once you get the symptoms it is pretty much over. That information is incorrect. The hospital hasn't taken animal heads in years. Not sure why the local health workers still give out that old information.
The Cost Of Owning And Keeping A Pet In The Philippines
Postexposure prophylaxis PEP consists of a dose of human rabies immune globulin HRIG and rabies vaccine given on the day of the rabies exposure, and then a dose of vaccine given again on days 3, 7, and For people who have never been vaccinated against rabies previously, postexposure prophylaxis PEP should always include administration of both HRIG and rabies vaccine. The combination of HRIG and vaccine is recommended for both bite and non-bite exposures, regardless of the interval between exposure and initiation of treatment. People who have been previously vaccinated or are receiving preexposure vaccination for rabies should receive only vaccine. Adverse reactions to rabies vaccine and immune globulin are not common. Newer vaccines in use today cause fewer adverse reactions than previously available vaccines. Mild, local reactions to the rabies vaccine, such as pain, redness, swelling, or itching at the injection site, have been reported. Rarely, symptoms such as headache, nausea, abdominal pain, muscle aches, and dizziness have been reported. Local pain and low-grade fever may follow injection of rabies immune globulin. The vaccine should be given at recommended intervals for best results. Talk to your doctor or state or local public health officials if you will not be able to have your shots at the recommended interval. Rabies prevention is a serious matter and changes should not be made in the schedule of doses. People cannot transmit rabies to other people unless they themselves are sick with rabies. PEP will protect you from developing rabies, and therefore you cannot expose other people to rabies. You can continue to participate in your normal activities. See our information on rabies biologics for information on dosing and administration route. Regardless of the risk for rabies, bite wounds can cause serious injury such as nerve or tendon laceration and infection. Your doctor will determine the best way to care for your wound, and will also consider how to treat the wound for the best possible cosmetic results. For many types of bite wounds, immediate gentle irrigation with water or a dilute water povidone-iodine solution has been shown to markedly decrease the risk of bacterial infection. Wound cleansing is especially important in rabies prevention since, in animal studies, thorough wound cleansing alone without other postexposure prophylaxis has been shown to markedly reduce the likelihood of rabies. You should receive a tetanus shot if you have not been immunized in ten years. Decisions regarding the use of antibiotics, and primary wound closure should be decided together with your doctor. Skip directly to site content Skip directly to page options Skip directly to A-Z link. Section Navigation. Minus Related Pages. Information for Clinicians See our information on rabies biologics for information on dosing and administration route. Wound Care. Rabies in the Americas World Rabies Day.
The Cost Of Owning And Keeping A Pet In The Philippines
The summer season has officially started in the Philippines. While Filipinos are bracing for hotter days, a study found that this is the season when young children are at the highest risk for dog bites. According to the study published in the journal Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgerythere is a correlation between cases of dog bites and rising temperatures. At 'yung He adds that not all dog bite cases are caused by stray dogs. Many victims also report being bitten by their own pets. The Philippines is among the top 10 countries with the highest incidence of rabies in the world, according to the Philippine Council for Health Research and Development. The DOH estimates that about 10, Filipinos are treated for dog bites and to die from rabies every year. Symptoms usually appear in one to three months, although they can appear as early as a few days after exposure to the virus, according to the International Association for Medical Assistance to Travellers IAMATa non-profit organization based in Canada. Infected patients will have a fever, and feel pain or a tingling sensation in the bite area. In some cases, the muscles become paralyzed followed by a coma. Once these symptoms are seen in a patient, death becomes imminent within one to two weeks. Rabies is a vaccine-preventable disease. Pet owners should also be responsible and give their dogs and cats regular rabies vaccines. The Rabies Act of mandates rabies immunization for children aged five to 14 years living in highly endemic areas. It consists of three doses given on days 0, 7, and 21 or Wash the bitten area immediately with soap and water for 10 minutes. Disinfect with an antiseptic and see a doctor to undergo post-exposure rabies vaccination. Post-exposure rabies vaccines are available in public and private Animal Bite Treatment Centers. There are centers in the Philippines, with 32 located in Metro Manila. Depending on the vaccine regimen, the vaccine can be given as five intramuscular doses days 0, 3, 7, 14, and 28 or 8 intradermal doses 2 doses of 0. The multiple doses are needed to induce antibody development as early as possible in a patient who has been bitten.