Foreign literature about career preferences

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Factors Affecting the College Course Preference

Workforce planning is a central issue for service provision and has consequences for medical education. Much work has been examined the career intentions, career preferences and career destinations of UK medical graduates but there is little published about medical students career intentions. How soon do medical students formulate careers intentions? How much do these intentions and preferences change during medical school? If they do change, what are the determining factors? This was a cross-sectional questionnaire survey. Two cohorts [—10, —11] of first and final year medical students at the four Scottish graduating medical schools took part in career preference questionnaire surveys. Questions were asked about demographic factors, career preferences and influencing factors. The response rate was Significant differences were found across the four schools, most obviously in terms of student origin [Scotland, rest of UK or overseas], age group, and specialty preferences in Year 1 and Year 5. When the analysis was adjusted for demographic and job-related preferences, specialty preferences differed by gender, and wish for work-life balance and intellectual satisfaction. We found various factors influenced career preference, confirming prior findings. What this study adds is that, while acknowledging student intake differs by medical school, medical school itself seems to influence career preference. Comparisons across medical school populations must therefore control for differences in input [the students] as well as context and process [the medical school] when looking at output [e. Peer Review reports. Workforce planning is a central issue for service provision and has consequences for medical education, particularly when considering issues such as increasing numbers of women in the medical workforce [ 1 ], the increasing popularity of part-time training and working [ 2 ], over-supply of doctors in some specialities and localities e. Additionally, in many countries, the cost of employing doctors have escalated over recent years, in part as a result of working time directives which have limited the hours doctors are available for service [ 67 ]. Recently, studies have suggested that quality of life has become a major determinant in why doctors chose a particular specialty [ 1217 — 20 ]; this has been found to be more influential than more traditional specialty-linked motivators, such as remuneration [ 121718 ]. It is also clear that demographic factors such as gender influence medical career preference [ 8182021 ]. However, there is little published about how soon medical students formulate careers intentions or how much career preferences change during medical school - and if they do, what the determining factors are. Our earlier work identified that Year 1 medical students have definite preferences for and against some specialties, which were probably formed prior to entering medical schoolsee also [ 2024 ]. While there is evidence, mostly from the US [ 25 — 29 ], that the career preferences of students entering medicine are reasonably firm, findings from graduate-entry medical students studying non-integrated degree programmes are unlikely to be directly applicable to other medical education settings such as the UK, where most students enter medicine as undergraduates aged 17—20 years. Is the student intake different? What are the influencing factors at undergraduate level? There is some indirect evidence for student intake differing: in the UK, medical student demographics vary between medical schools [ 2039 ]; applicants to medicine give different medical schools preferential ranking [ 40 ]; UK medical schools use a variety of selection methods [for example, at the time of data collection, only a few schools had adopted newer methods of selection such as mini-multiple interviews MMIs: [ 41 ] and use the same selection methods in different ways e. Conversely, are differences in graduate careers a result of the nature of teaching and learning experiences in different specialties and different learning environments? There is certainly evidence of complex influences and pressures at medical school which may influence careers decision making [ 4344 ]. Exploring this area requires meaningful comparisons both between and within schools in terms of comparing their intake [new-entrants] and their output [exiting medical students]. Why is it important to know about how career preferences in medical students change across the duration of undergraduate degree programmes, or about the relationship between career preferences, and changes in these preferences, and medical school? Health services need a supply of medical graduates willing to train in all specialties, in the right proportions and, crucially, in the right places, to meet healthcare needs. This may be more amenable to modification at the stage of selection to and progression through medical school than after graduation given that the landscape of medical careers, particularly in the UK, is changing rapidly. This is coupled with less flexibility to change specialty in the early years of training now compared to prior to MMC.

Factors Affecting Career Preference of Senior High School Student

To browse Academia. Skip to main content. Log In Sign Up. Rani C Agustin. Students must know on what degree to pursue in college, one that interest them and must also fit their abilities so that it will not be hard for them to choose the right career path. Being adolescent can be extremely lonely. It is not unusual to have a feeling that there is no one turn to when problems come arise. This is the stage where major decisions and deep concerns affect the courses of their lives. Most adolescents are pressured to perform and succeed, which experience severe stress in meeting these expectations Psychology. Senior high school students need a lot of professional advice especially when it comes in choosing their careers. It is in this period, where students are advised to prepare for their future worthwhile occupations. Choosing the perfect career that will fit is one of the most important and crucial decision that every person has to make. This can be one of the measures whether an individual will be successful in the future or not. At this stage, self-realization, role try-outs, occupational explorations in schools, and finding the first job is the tentative step. Where, they will arrive at the right decision considering their innate capacities, educational privilege offered to the students and other resources that society makes available for them to be more efficient and effective DepEd, The researchers, enquired the Grade 12 students of Tacloban City to know the factors affecting their decisions in choosing a career. The kind of career a person has an affect his or her life in a great number of ways. The career also affects the way other people act toward you. Senior high school students may not be able to identify their own deficiency as far as their choices are concerned because of the interrelationship of these factors, such as age, gender, the socio — economic status of the family. In addition, knowledge is required to make valid career preferences. Philips, Then, it is the responsibility of guidance counsellors to supply these senior high school students with enough and pertinent information and proper interpretations concerning their abilities, aptitudes, interest, needs, temperament and personal characteristics to help them make crucial decisions. What most likely could lead the students to their maximum development and ultimate success is likewise the concern of educational guidance. Through these programs, the students are given assistance in attaining a high level of efficiency and satisfying results in the activities in which they will engage in. As a whole, they will be helpful in formulating systematic goals and plans for their future. Bautista as cited in Bulaong, stated that elementary education provides a foundation for formal education. It is when high school where students starts to feel tangibly about career preferences. He cited, Castillowho stressed that the redirection and guidance of the high school youth because; it is in that stage where skills, capacities and decisions are developed. The youth should get a through picture of their aspirations and expectations. So every graduating student needs a wise choice in decision making. Are the means provided are scientific and supportive to the wanted ends of the students? Or they are captives or prisoners of tyranny of educational system that steal their freedom to choose their own path? The need to find out the factors affecting the career preferences among senior high school students gave the impetus to this study. These factors can directly or indirectly affects career preferences of the respondents. It can be intrinsic, extrinsic motivation or both. People behave or do refrain from doing things because of rewards and punishments. Some students could have been forced to take the career they planned because of fear negative stimulant. Piaget's theory of cognitive development explains how a child constructs a mental model of the world. He disagreed with the idea that intelligence was a fixed trait, and regarded cognitive development as a process which occurs due to biological maturation and interaction with the environment.


Research in undergraduate studies is helpful and considered to motivate students towards successful career and advanced grades in various fields 12. In clinical and biomedical area, research maintains the direct relation with sick people and clinical environment 3. Research training or experience had a progressive impact on research performances and it also significantly effect on the advancement of career 4. Kassebaum et al assessed that the graduating students who participated in research activities could publish their work in their first two years and were more interested in research careers, while those who were never involved had least contribution in all four years of medical education. According to studies, students who aimed to go for surgery after graduation were having high rates of research involvement during medical school 5. Paiva and Haley perceived in their study that research was the best productive and knowledgeable experience for majority of medical students 6. Students and young doctors have to take the decision about future specialties in their life, which is among one of the difficult choice. Many factors influenced career selections and majority of students aim to start choosing their profession in early educational life 78. Students have different ideas and planning for their future at the time of their admission in medical field Undergraduate students are exposed to variety of medical specialties but their decision depends upon experiences mainly after the completion of basic medical sciences Preferences for post graduate medical specialty by medical students and doctors have significant role in the development of health care structure, particularly when there is a lack or surplus physicians. Investigating and studying the future career selections can be supportive in organizing a better educational structure and management. Knowledge obtained by such study will be helpful in the advancement of health care system Numerous researches have been done on finding the career selection of medical students and the factors that stimulate them to follow their career options 3. Diminutive researches have been conducted to evaluate the research career choices among medical students and especially in developing countries. Medical education research is mainly based on educational structure rather than clinical aspect but majority of work has been done on clinical practice 6. Our main objective of this study was to evaluate the research career preferences and trends among undergraduate students of Jinnah Sindh Medical University JSMU. This was a cross sectional survey on the students of JSMU. Students from 1 st to final year were included in this study and a total of students participated after giving verbal consent. Inclusion criteria was all those students who were present at the time of survey and gave verbal consent were included in the study and exclusion criteria was all absentees and those who refused to participate were excluded. An organized questionnaire was designed by the authors in English language, which is the official language of university.

To browse Academia. Skip to main content. Log In Sign Up. Myra Ramos. The literature will also discuss issues about job market, job mismatch, competitiveness and marketability or employability. At this pace of this changing society and economy a lot of actions should take place. They have to face a lot of challenges especially educators who are being asked to do more with less due to rapidly evolving technologies and ongoing shifts in global economy and demography. A successful education system will need to be of paramount importance if a multicultural society to succeed and prosper in the future. Education is a gateway to a better job and greater earning potential. One key to understanding this issue is an appreciation of the overall landscape education and training. The key function of education is to fully prepare students for life after schooling preparation for the world of work is a necessary and vital part of that equation. As our society and economy continues to evolve, it may be time to rethink how public education aids students in choosing career and education pathways. Additionally, due to the present economic and social changes our government is dealing with, it is imperative that we think more deeply about the future of those students who will enter the workforce immediately after high school. The next generation will need to be entrepreneurial, willing to take risks and be multicultural. Lynch The education system has a significant and direct impact on the quality of our workforce our economic productivity and ultimately, our ability to prosper as businesses, as people, and as a nation rely on our public schools to provide highly skilled and educated talent. K to 12 is a solution to create opportunities that will help all children from the time they enter the classroom to when they join the workforce — McCleary. K for 4- to 6-year-olds through twelfth grade 12 for 7- to year-olds, It is a free education from Kindergarten to Senior High School in the countries mentioned respectively. Legal Basis The K to 12 Curriculum The academic year is a big turning point in Philippine Education system since a vast makeover will happen. The additional 2 years Senior High School is a specialized upper-secondary education composed of a common Core Curriculum and Tracks. Each track will have strands, which is also known as specializations within a track. The 8 core curricula have 17 core subjects while the 4 tracks have 16 track subjects or a total of 33 subjects for SHSC of which each subject will entail 80 hours of classes per semester for the four semesters involved in Grades 11 and 12 or a total of 2, hours to complete the Senior High School level. According to Ornstein and Hunkins, and those who are charged to deliver it. According to Ornstein and Hunkins, several of these efforts have failed. According to Sarasonthe main reason for the failure is the lack of understanding of the culture of the school Successful implementation of curriculum requires understanding the power relationships, the traditions, the roles and responsibilities of individuals in the school system. Implementors whether they be teachers, principals, district education officers should be well-versed with the contents of the curriculum. Curriculum implementation requires winning people over and it takes time. Teachers need to feel appreciated and their efforts recognised. Some may argue that they should be given financial rewards but there is evidence to suggest that external motivation contributes minimally to the venture. With their knowledge experience and competencies, teachers are central to any curriculum improvement on, there is no denying that teachers influence students' learning. Better practice of teaching and are responsible for introducing the curriculum in the classroom. The key to getting teachers committed to an innovation is to enhance their knowledge of the programme. This means teachers need be trained and workshops have to be organised for professional development. Unfortunately, in any curriculum implementation process not all teachers will have the benefit of such exposure. There are just too many teachers and insufficient funds to go around. The most common approach is to have one-day workshops given by experts with the lecture method being the dominant pedagogical strategy. Among the many extrinsic factors identified that may impede curriculum change are adequacy of resources, time, school ethos and professional support. The intrinsic factors are; professional knowledge, professional adequacy and professional interest and motivation. Hence, professional development of teachers is as an important factor contributing to the success of curriculum implementation. To what extent have teacher education programmes required prospective teachers to study curriculum development?

To browse Academia. Skip to main content. Log In Sign Up. Joshua O Japitan. Grant Emerson Camangyan. Jason Thom Paez. Johnrey Remeticado. Eleonido Bacarisas. Japitan Grant Emerson D. Camangyan John Benedict L. Rodrigo Jason Thom C. Paez Johnrey T. Remeticado Eleonido D. This study utilizes descriptive method of research to determine the factors. The descriptive research used quantitative methods to assess the feedback from the respondents. We would like also to thank Mrs. Abella and Arnold Ocampo who let us borrowed a project data book sample in order to us researchers be guided in our every single paperwork. We would also thank our beloved Research teacher, Mr. Ranilo Camacho who taught our lessons very well and who guided us to our way up here. We would also like to thank him for his very long patience and generosity of his knowledge to us. We would also thank our fellow students and our dear educators especially Mr. Arnel Singson, Mr. Aubrey Sa-a, Mr. Anthony Tan and Ms. Loida Baran Who were there to help us in times of problems and also to all the respondents of our survey who really helped in study. Lastly, we would like to give thanks to the Japitan family and our families who were very supportive to us and provided all our needs for this study. This short period makes it difficult for Filipinos to be competitive with other countries that have at least 12 years of basic education. The majority who do not go to college are too young to enter the labor force, thus, they would either be unemployed to set up businesses or cannot legally enter into contracts. With this apparent problem on education, the Department of Education has started to implement the new K Curriculum, which is a major reform in the curriculum for all schools nationwide.

Module 12: What Influences your Career Choice?

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