Foreign literature about career preferences

Factors Affecting Career Preference of Senior High School Student

Research in undergraduate studies is helpful and considered to motivate students towards successful career and advanced grades in various fields 12. In clinical and biomedical area, research maintains the direct relation with sick people and clinical environment 3. Research training or experience had a progressive impact on research performances and it also significantly effect on the advancement of career 4. Kassebaum et al assessed that the graduating students who participated in research activities could publish their work in their first two years and were more interested in research careers, while those who were never involved had least contribution in all four years of medical education. According to studies, students who aimed to go for surgery after graduation were having high rates of research involvement during medical school 5. Paiva and Haley perceived in their study that research was the best productive and knowledgeable experience for majority of medical students 6. Students and young doctors have to take the decision about future specialties in their life, which is among one of the difficult choice. Many factors influenced career selections and majority of students aim to start choosing their profession in early educational life 78. Students have different ideas and planning for their future at the time of their admission in medical field Undergraduate students are exposed to variety of medical specialties but their decision depends upon experiences mainly after the completion of basic medical sciences Preferences for post graduate medical specialty by medical students and doctors have significant role in the development of health care structure, particularly when there is a lack or surplus physicians. Investigating and studying the future career selections can be supportive in organizing a better educational structure and management. Knowledge obtained by such study will be helpful in the advancement of health care system Numerous researches have been done on finding the career selection of medical students and the factors that stimulate them to follow their career options 3. Diminutive researches have been conducted to evaluate the research career choices among medical students and especially in developing countries. Medical education research is mainly based on educational structure rather than clinical aspect but majority of work has been done on clinical practice 6. Our main objective of this study was to evaluate the research career preferences and trends among undergraduate students of Jinnah Sindh Medical University JSMU. This was a cross sectional survey on the students of JSMU. Students from 1 st to final year were included in this study and a total of students participated after giving verbal consent. Inclusion criteria was all those students who were present at the time of survey and gave verbal consent were included in the study and exclusion criteria was all absentees and those who refused to participate were excluded. An organized questionnaire was designed by the authors in English language, which is the official language of university. Eighteen questions were asked including age, gender, year of study, postgraduate plans and their undergraduate work on research. An online form was also created for the students of first and fourth year as due to their exams, they were not able to come to college. Data was presented in the form of valid percentages. Frequency percentages were also calculated for the Likert scale variables. Total students were enrolled in the study from Jinnah Sindh Medical University, out of which 52 were males and were females. Highest number of students In response to the question of field of study after graduation, majority of the medical students had decided to do both clinical practice and research, while some were interested in clinical practice only. Least response came for research in biomedical sciences and clinical research Table 1. The first four chosen specialties for the future research work were surgery, gynecology, internal medicine and neurology. Highest percentage of students had decided to do research in surgery after graduation Table 2. Job opportunities, good teaching atmosphere in university and serving rural areas were less persuading factors Table 3. A question about the reason of selecting research as a career was asked particularly from those students, who opted for research work in future.

Factors Affecting the College Course Preference


Workforce planning is a central issue for service provision and has consequences for medical education. Much work has been examined the career intentions, career preferences and career destinations of UK medical graduates but there is little published about medical students career intentions. How soon do medical students formulate careers intentions? How much do these intentions and preferences change during medical school? If they do change, what are the determining factors? This was a cross-sectional questionnaire survey. Two cohorts [—10, —11] of first and final year medical students at the four Scottish graduating medical schools took part in career preference questionnaire surveys. Questions were asked about demographic factors, career preferences and influencing factors. The response rate was Significant differences were found across the four schools, most obviously in terms of student origin [Scotland, rest of UK or overseas], age group, and specialty preferences in Year 1 and Year 5. When the analysis was adjusted for demographic and job-related preferences, specialty preferences differed by gender, and wish for work-life balance and intellectual satisfaction. We found various factors influenced career preference, confirming prior findings. What this study adds is that, while acknowledging student intake differs by medical school, medical school itself seems to influence career preference. Comparisons across medical school populations must therefore control for differences in input [the students] as well as context and process [the medical school] when looking at output [e. Peer Review reports. Workforce planning is a central issue for service provision and has consequences for medical education, particularly when considering issues such as increasing numbers of women in the medical workforce [ 1 ], the increasing popularity of part-time training and working [ 2 ], over-supply of doctors in some specialities and localities e. Additionally, in many countries, the cost of employing doctors have escalated over recent years, in part as a result of working time directives which have limited the hours doctors are available for service [ 67 ]. Recently, studies have suggested that quality of life has become a major determinant in why doctors chose a particular specialty [ 1217 — 20 ]; this has been found to be more influential than more traditional specialty-linked motivators, such as remuneration [ 121718 ]. It is also clear that demographic factors such as gender influence medical career preference [ 8182021 ]. However, there is little published about how soon medical students formulate careers intentions or how much career preferences change during medical school - and if they do, what the determining factors are. Our earlier work identified that Year 1 medical students have definite preferences for and against some specialties, which were probably formed prior to entering medical schoolsee also [ 2024 ]. While there is evidence, mostly from the US [ 25 — 29 ], that the career preferences of students entering medicine are reasonably firm, findings from graduate-entry medical students studying non-integrated degree programmes are unlikely to be directly applicable to other medical education settings such as the UK, where most students enter medicine as undergraduates aged 17—20 years. Is the student intake different? What are the influencing factors at undergraduate level? There is some indirect evidence for student intake differing: in the UK, medical student demographics vary between medical schools [ 2039 ]; applicants to medicine give different medical schools preferential ranking [ 40 ]; UK medical schools use a variety of selection methods [for example, at the time of data collection, only a few schools had adopted newer methods of selection such as mini-multiple interviews MMIs: [ 41 ] and use the same selection methods in different ways e. Conversely, are differences in graduate careers a result of the nature of teaching and learning experiences in different specialties and different learning environments?

REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE


This chapter presents a review related literature and studies related to choice of specialization of senior high school students. The chapter includes the following topics: senior high school, factors that influence the choice of specialization of students, theoretical framework, and conceptual framework. Senior High School is two years of specialized upper secondary education; students may choose a specialization based on aptitude, interests, and school capacity. The choice of career track will define the content of the subjects a student will take in Grades 11 and Filipinos are known to be competitive in the international community. However, our current education system hinders us from becoming even more competitive. Starting in the school year, the education system of the Philippines was enhanced from the ten years of basic education to a year program through an initiative called the K Education Plan sponsored by the Department of Education HubPages Inc. The K program offers a decongested year program that gives students sufficient time to master skills and absorb basic competencies. The K program accelerates mutual recognition of Filipino graduates and professionals in other countries K Philippines, The earning potential of your chosen profession is likely to be a factor that influences your career path. You may find one aspect of your career is more financially rewarding than another, or that working your way through the ranks holds greater financial incentive than staying in the same job. Your personal financial needs are also likely to influence the career choices you make. Opportunity is the third factor that has shaped career choices for students. Opportunity may influence how students have perceived their future in terms of the reasonable probability of a future in particular career fields. The issue of poverty has played an important determining role in the opportunities available to all McQuerrey, Students must take seriously the role grades play in limiting opportunities in the future. Splaverp. Most of the students lack adequate information regarding various careers hence the choices that they make are embedded in their perception of the ideal job and the subjects they study in secondary school Taylor et al, Parents often have an influence on the career paths their offspring pursue. A parent may urge a child into a vocation similar to their own, or to one that has demonstrated high earning power. Many children grow up idealizing the professions of their parents. If you always looked up to your mother and admired her teaching skills, that may influence you to pursue a career in education. Parents may also intentionally or unintentionally push a child toward a particular career path, especially in the cases of family-owned businesses, where parents expect their children to take over the company. Still other parents apply pressure on their offspring to strive for particular high-profile careers, feeling they are encouraging their children to reach high McQuerrey, Parental support and encouragement are important factors that have been found to influence career choice. Children may choose what their parents desire simply to please them Taylor et al,


To browse Academia. Skip to main content. Log In Sign Up. Joshua O Japitan. Grant Emerson Camangyan. Jason Thom Paez. Johnrey Remeticado. Eleonido Bacarisas. Japitan Grant Emerson D. Camangyan John Benedict L. Rodrigo Jason Thom C. Paez Johnrey T. Remeticado Eleonido D. This study utilizes descriptive method of research to determine the factors. The descriptive research used quantitative methods to assess the feedback from the respondents. We would like also to thank Mrs. Abella and Arnold Ocampo who let us borrowed a project data book sample in order to us researchers be guided in our every single paperwork. We would also thank our beloved Research teacher, Mr. Ranilo Camacho who taught our lessons very well and who guided us to our way up here. We would also like to thank him for his very long patience and generosity of his knowledge to us. We would also thank our fellow students and our dear educators especially Mr. Arnel Singson, Mr. Aubrey Sa-a, Mr. Anthony Tan and Ms. Loida Baran Who were there to help us in times of problems and also to all the respondents of our survey who really helped in study. Lastly, we would like to give thanks to the Japitan family and our families who were very supportive to us and provided all our needs for this study. This short period makes it difficult for Filipinos to be competitive with other countries that have at least 12 years of basic education. The majority who do not go to college are too young to enter the labor force, thus, they would either be unemployed to set up businesses or cannot legally enter into contracts. With this apparent problem on education, the Department of Education has started to implement the new K Curriculum, which is a major reform in the curriculum for all schools nationwide. This reform includes decongesting and enhancing the basic education curriculum for learners to master basic competencies, lengthening the cycle of basic education to cover kindergarten through year

To browse Academia. Skip to main content. Log In Sign Up. Myra Ramos. The literature will also discuss issues about job market, job mismatch, competitiveness and marketability or employability. At this pace of this changing society and economy a lot of actions should take place. They have to face a lot of challenges especially educators who are being asked to do more with less due to rapidly evolving technologies and ongoing shifts in global economy and demography. A successful education system will need to be of paramount importance if a multicultural society to succeed and prosper in the future. Education is a gateway to a better job and greater earning potential. One key to understanding this issue is an appreciation of the overall landscape education and training. The key function of education is to fully prepare students for life after schooling preparation for the world of work is a necessary and vital part of that equation. As our society and economy continues to evolve, it may be time to rethink how public education aids students in choosing career and education pathways. Additionally, due to the present economic and social changes our government is dealing with, it is imperative that we think more deeply about the future of those students who will enter the workforce immediately after high school. The next generation will need to be entrepreneurial, willing to take risks and be multicultural. Lynch The education system has a significant and direct impact on the quality of our workforce our economic productivity and ultimately, our ability to prosper as businesses, as people, and as a nation rely on our public schools to provide highly skilled and educated talent. K to 12 is a solution to create opportunities that will help all children from the time they enter the classroom to when they join the workforce — McCleary. K for 4- to 6-year-olds through twelfth grade 12 for 7- to year-olds, It is a free education from Kindergarten to Senior High School in the countries mentioned respectively. Legal Basis The K to 12 Curriculum The academic year is a big turning point in Philippine Education system since a vast makeover will happen. The additional 2 years Senior High School is a specialized upper-secondary education composed of a common Core Curriculum and Tracks. Each track will have strands, which is also known as specializations within a track. The 8 core curricula have 17 core subjects while the 4 tracks have 16 track subjects or a total of 33 subjects for SHSC of which each subject will entail 80 hours of classes per semester for the four semesters involved in Grades 11 and 12 or a total of 2, hours to complete the Senior High School level. According to Ornstein and Hunkins, and those who are charged to deliver it. According to Ornstein and Hunkins, several of these efforts have failed.

Parental Factors Influencing Career Choice Among Senior High School Students



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