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- Merits and Demerits of Presidential System of Government
- What Are The Advantages And Disadvantages Of Separation Of Powers?
- Merits and Demerits of Separation of Powers
- Constitutional Limitations – Separation of Powers
More ArticlesThe idea of combating tyranny, monarchy, and dictatorships was so strong that the framers of the Constitution deemed it urgent to address those issues first and foremost. Each of these three branches have responsibilities; one of the responsibilities being to ensure that the other two branches are not abusing their powers. This is commonly referred to as a system of checks and balances. In republican government, the legislative authority necessarily predominates. The remedy for this inconveniency is to divide the legislature into different branches; and to render them, by different modes of election and different principles of action, as little connected with each other as the nature of their common functions and their common dependence on the society will admit. That being said, clearly all of the branches are not equal. A major problem that I have is the powers originally given to the Executive Branch. As spelled out in the Constitution, the President of the United States has the following powers: . While the powers of the Executive Branch have steadily grown sincethe other branches have not. TR did use the weight of the office, which was off-putting to legislators from both parties. Democrats despised him because he pushed their agenda better than they did. Republicans had turned hard to the right because of Populism. Seems as though the expansion of executive power is cumulative, whether Democrat or Republican no one wants to give up the power or authority earned by those who came before them. Well of course! It is also like no President of the United States will do what is needed to fix this country… If they did, they might not get re-elected. Your email address will not be published. Yes, add me to your mailing list. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed. More Stories 9 min read. Hankering for History. The New Cultural Pluralism of the s. Ha ha, they hated him so much that they carved his face into a mountain….
Merits and Demerits of Presidential System of Government
The first three articles of the U. Constitution establish a separation of ruling power among the executive, legislative and judicial branches, one of several principles common to democratic industrialised nations. Though some have complained about the principle's lack of efficiency, others argue that this counts among its benefits. Political scientists frequently cite the prevention of tyranny as the reason the separation of powers was written into the American Constitution. James Madison, in the 47th Federalist Paper, said such a "dangerous tendency" for power to accumulate would be argument enough for citizens to abandon the system and revolt. The separation itself is just the start of several provisions that have attempted to balance the influence of the three branches. The separation of powers led to numerous checks and balances to further limit the accumulation of power by any particular sphere of government that holds sway over ordinary citizens. For instance, the presidential veto is often employed by the executive branch to block laws passed by the legislative branch; however, that veto can be overridden by a two-thirds vote of the Congress. Numerous oversight responsibilities are granted to the legislative branch, which gives legislators access to many federal or judicial records, as well as the power to sanction activities they deem unjust in a public forum. In another form of balanced oversight, the federal and local court systems often decide the constitutionality or legality of the various laws and executive policies that are passed and carried out across the country. The separated structure of government also allows for each branch to have oversight into different functions of people's lives, providing a level of bureaucratic organisation and specialisation. Though some claim the separation of powers makes policy change more difficult by adding layers of bureaucracy, many agree that fairness and efficiency is at the forefront. The "rule of law" theory of government, first explored by Roman and Greek philosophers, maintains that the people who make laws shouldn't be the same people who enforce and punish the breakers of those laws. Accountability is enhanced in this way, as well. Dan Harkins has been a full-time journalist since Prior to working in the alternative press, he served as a staff writer and editor for daily publications such as the "St. Petersburg Times" and "Elyria Chronicle-Telegram. Written by: Dan Harkins Written on: February 04, Resources U. About the Author.
What Are The Advantages And Disadvantages Of Separation Of Powers?
In this post, we shall look at what the advantages and disadvantages of the Presidential System of Government really are. In our previous post, we underlined that the President holds both executive and ceremonial powers. He is important in the Presidential System. The President is both head of state and head of government. Having said all that, we will let you know the merits and demerits of the Presidential System of government. Just a quick one, a Presidential System of Government is one in which there is an executive President, that is, someone vested with all executive powers and who combines the office of head of state and head of government. The President whose constituency is the entire country, combines government powers with ceremonial powers, and is also commander-in-chief of the armed forces. Having learned this, let us now look at the merits and demerits of the Presidential System of Government. The clear separation of powers among the three organs of government helps to prevent the misuse of state power. Although there are majority and minority parties in the legislature, the absence of an official opposition party makes everyone work together for greater development. The conflicts and tensions between the head of state and head of government in the cabinet system are non-existent in the Presidential System of government. The President is the effective symbol of the nation and may not bend to the dictates of his party members. This helps to guarantee the smooth running of government. The Presidential System is very expensive to run, in terms of finance and personnel required for the separate executive and legislative arms of government. Since the President is not responsible to Parliament, an ambitious President may become autocratic because of the enormous executive powers at his disposal. The fixed term of office of the President may make him become very unresponsive to public opinion. The separation of the executive and legislative arms of government often results in government crises whenever both arms disagree with each other, especially on such issues as the budget. These are the advantages and disadvantages of the Presidential System of government, have your say on the comments section of this post. You can also download free final year students pojects and materials and periodic table. Enjoy free Click Through Rate calculatorword countertext case changerfile sharing serviceworld clockbitcoin convertertime zone converternotepad text editor and spinbot paraprashing tool. Read latest news in Nigeriafootball and other sports news. Get latest and updated jobsrecruitment and postcodes in Nigeria. You can play mobile friendly The Cube and Tetris games online free. Read latest Nigeria news todaysports newsand Explore for everything Nigerian — from current affairs to history, culture and many more. You can also check job recruitments and postcodes in Nigeria. This thread is for the students who wish to participate in the essay aspect of the competition. You are required to post your essay as a comment on this thread. Please post your essay using the comment box at the bottom of the page, not as a reply to any comment. All essays will be given the same attention, no matter where it is posted. School Information Nigeria Postal Codes. Key Facts. Merits and Demerits of Presidential System of Government.
Merits and Demerits of Separation of Powers
There are three distinct activities in every government through which the will of the people are expressed. These are legislative, executive and judicial functions of the government. Corresponding to these three activities there are three organs of the government, namely the legislature, executive and judiciary. The legislative organ of the government makes laws, the executive enforces them and the judiciary applies them to specific cases arising out of the breach of law. Now the question comes what should be the relation among these three departments of the government. In other words, whether there should be complete separation of powers or there should be co-ordination among them. Thomas Aquinas, who belonged to the medieval period, was a campaigner against the theory of separation of powers. In the ancient period, there was nothing like separation of powers and the King would himself make law, execute it and act as the judge. But modern governments believe in the separation of power based on the doctrine of division of labour to ensure uprightness and efficiency in the discharge of such powers. Then comes the other question- what is meant by the doctrine of separation of powers? We have just noticed the different functions of the government, which are three in number, namely the legislative, executive and judicial. Corresponding to these three kinds of functions there are three departments, namely the legislature, the executive and the judiciary. The legislature makes amends and repeals the laws. The function of the executive is to enforce these laws. The judiciary is entrusted with the tasks of interpreting and applying them to specific cases arising out of breach of laws. These three types of functions or organs may be kept in the hands of one person or a body of persons. This will be a case of absence of separation of powers. It is more common in practice today to assign these three organs to three distinct bodies. In the latter case there will be the presence of separation of powers. In the second type of division of powers the legislature will only legislate and will refrain from executing the law or interpreting it. Similarly, the executive will only execute the law and refrain from making law or interpreting it. The theory of separation of powers believes that combination of these two or three powers in one person or one set of persons will result in tyranny, as it happened in medieval Europe. Essay 2. Origin and Development of the Theory of Separation of Powers: It is not possible to say precisely since when the theory of separation of powers was first propagated or experimented. The earliest known date is that of Aristotle 4th century B. A French philosopher, Jean Bodin, made a fresh emphasis on the need of separation of these three powers. He specially hammered on keeping the judiciary outside the purview of the other two organs. According to Bodin, the judiciary has a special case of remaining separate and independent of others. The above is a hazy account of the origin and development of the doctrine of separation of powers. It was the celebrated French philosopher Charles-Louis Montesquieu who was the first to scientifically study this theory so much so that this theory is associated with his name. He held out this theory in his book The Spirit of Laws published in For Montesquieu, the doctrine of separation of power involving mutual exclusiveness of the organs of the government consists of three elements. First, there are three organs of the government, namely legislature, executive and judiciary; second, each of these organs must work strictly within its own sphere and there ought not to be any encroachment of anyone on the other; third, if there is encroachment, it is bound to cause tyranny.