- The origins behind English weekday names
- Origins of the Days of the Week – History Behind Their Names
- Akan names
- Day of the Week Name
- Day of the Week Name
Origins of the Days of the Week – History Behind Their Names
The origins of our days of the week lie with the Romans. The Romans named their days of the week after the planets, which in turn were named after the Roman gods:. When the Germanic-speaking peoples of western Europe adopted the seven-day week, which was probably in the early centuries of the Christian era, they named their days after those of their own gods who were closest in attributes and character to the Roman deities. It was one of those peoples, the Anglo-Saxons, that brought their gods and language what would become English to the British Isles during the fifth and sixth centuries AD. The remaining four days Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday and Friday are named for gods that the Anglo-Saxons probably worshipped before they migrated to England and during the short time before they converted to Christianity after that. Tuesday is named for the god Tiw, about whom relatively little is known. Tiw was probably associated with warfare, just like the Roman god Mars. Wednesday is named for the god Woden, who is paralleled with the Roman god Mercury, probably because both gods shared attributes of eloquence, the ability to travel, and the guardianship of the dead. This sits beside the Latin dies Iovisthe day of Jove or Jupiter. Both of these gods are associated with thunder in their respective mythologies. You may recognise a similarity here with the name of the famous Norse god Thor. This may be more than coincidence. Vikings arrived in England in the ninth century, bringing their own very similar gods with them. Friday is the only weekday named for a female deity, Frig, who is hardly mentioned anywhere else in early English. That is why Frig was chosen to pair with the Roman deity Venus, who was likewise associated with love and sex, and was commemorated in the Latin name for Friday. The concept of the week, that is, a cycle of seven numbered or named days with one of them usually Sunday or Monday fixed as the first, was originally probably associated with the Jewish calendar. This was complicated by the fact that early medieval Europe inherited its idea of the week from imperial Rome, via the Christian church. We find day names similar to English in related European languages, like Dutch, German, and all the Scandinavian or Norse languages. Gods with comparable names, like Tyr, Othinn, Thor and Frigg, were certainly known to the Scandinavians and gave their names to weekdays in Scandinavian languages compare Modern Danish tisdagonsdagtorsdagfredag. The Latin names for the days of the week, and the Roman gods for which they were named, still live on in all the European Romance languages, like French, Spanish and Italian. Think of French lundimardimercredijeudi and vendredifor example, and you will find the Latin LunaMarsMercuriusIovis and Venus hidden behind them. York Festival of Ideas — York, York. Festival of Ideas — HatfieldHertfordshire.
A week is a time unit consisting of seven days recycles in order. The idea of the week came in the ancient times. Ancient people came up with the idea of week before Christianity. They used the week to keep track of time according to their mythological and religious beliefs. They have devoted each day to the pagan gods and named after them. We all know the names of the days of a week. There are different concepts about the origins of the days of the week. The Romans named the days after their gods and assembled them to the five planets and the sun and the moon, as they considered the sun and the moon as planets. Greeks and Germanic people also named the days after their own gods that resembles each other. Romans and other ancient cultures had their own deities personified each planet which the Babylonians has used for naming the days. After Babylonians established the idea of seven day week, Romans started practicing seven day week and named them after their mythological gods that represented each planet mentioned before. Before Babylonians, Romans used to have a eight day week for market days, named A to H. The Babylonians first started the use of a seven day week in 6th century BC. Since then, it has been the standard time period for most part of the world. Every culture follows the same week method which recycles after seven days. The number seven had a mysterious significance to the Babylonians. They have named the seven days after the seven heavenly planets. They held the seventh day for religious purpose. Our weekday names came from the ancient time with the astrological idea that the planets ruled the hour of the day. In that outdated concept of the universe, there were seven planets going out from earth in order of distance. Going in towards earth, the first hour of the day was ruled by the Saturn, and then Jupiter, Mars, Sun and so on cycling through those over and over through the hours. After Romans named them after their deities according to the planets, Greek and other ancient cultures also named the days of the weeks after their own gods associated with each other. Monday is the first day of a week in the Gregorian calendar. According to the Roman mythology Monday was named after the moon goddess. In Roman mythology Luna was a embodiment of moon and a companion of sun god Sol. Tiw was the god of war and the sky. He resembles the Norse god Tyr. Tiw was one of the sons of Odin, the supreme Norse deity. In Greek, it is named after their god Ares, the Greek god of war.
Day of the Week Name
The names of the days of the week in many languages are derived from the names of the classical planets in Hellenistic astrologywhich were in turn named after contemporary deities, a system introduced by the Roman Empire during Late Antiquity. In some other languages, the days are named after corresponding deities of the regional culture, either beginning with Sunday or with Monday. In the international standard ISOMonday is treated as the first day of the week. Between the 1st and 3rd centuries, the Roman Empire gradually replaced the eight-day Roman nundinal cycle with the seven-day week. The earliest evidence for this new system is a Pompeiian graffito referring to 6 February viii idus Februarius of the year AD 60 as dies solis "Sunday". The Ptolemaic system of planetary spheres asserts that the order of the heavenly bodies, from the farthest to the closest to the Earth is: SaturnJupiterMarsSunVenusMercuryMoonor, objectively, the planets are ordered from slowest to fastest moving as they appear in the night sky. The seven-day week spread throughout the Roman Empire in Late Antiquity. By the 4th century, it was in wide use throughout the Empire, and it had also reached India and China. Except for modern Portuguese and Mirandesethe Romance languages preserved the Latin names, except for the names of Sunday, which was replaced by [dies] Dominicus Dominicai. Early Old Irish adopted the names from Latin, but introduced separate terms of Norse origin for Wednesday, Thursday and Friday, then later supplanted these with terms relating to church fasting practices. Albanian adopted the Latin terms for Tuesday, Wednesday and Saturday, adopted translations of the Latin terms for Sunday and Monday, and kept native terms for Thursday and Friday. Other languages adopted the week together with the Latin Romance names for the days of the week in the colonial period. Some constructed languages also adopted the Latin terminology. The Germanic peoples adapted the system introduced by the Romans by substituting the Germanic deities for the Roman ones with the exception of Saturday in a process known as interpretatio germanica. The date of the introduction of this system is not known exactly, but it must have happened later than AD but before the introduction of Christianity during the 6th to 7th centuries, i. The names of the days of the week in North Germanic languages were not calqued from Latin directly, but taken from the West Germanic names. The Southeast Asian tradition also uses the Hindu names of the days of the week. The Chinese had apparently adopted the seven-day week from the Hellenistic system by the 4th century, although by which route is not entirely clear. It was again transmitted to China in the 8th century by Manichaeans, via the country of Kang a Central Asian polity near Samarkand. The Chinese transliteration of the planetary system was soon brought to Japan by the Japanese monk Kobo Daishi ; surviving diaries of the Japanese statesman Fujiwara Michinaga show the seven-day system in use in Heian Period Japan as early as In Japan, the seven-day system was kept in use for astrological purposes until its promotion to a full-fledged Western-style calendrical basis during the Meiji era. In China, with the founding of the Republic of China inMonday through Saturday in China are now named after the luminaries implicitly with the numbers. The SlavicBaltic and Uralic languages except Finnish and partially Estonian adopted numbering but took Monday rather than Sunday as the "first day".