- Should I Price My Cleaning Services By The Hour Or By The Square Foot?
- Sample Designs
- Gym Equipment Packages Based on Square Footage
- Life Fitness Layout Experts
- How to Calculate Lumens Per Square Foot
Should I Price My Cleaning Services By The Hour Or By The Square Foot?Generally speaking, the maximum occupancy of a room or building is primarily determined by the available exits, with each exit accommodating only a certain number of people before bottlenecking occurs. More specifically, the International Building Code IBC provides an international standard for calculating the maximum occupancy for an area. In order to determine the maximum number of people who are able to safely be in a room or building, the IBC recommends a certain number of inches of doorway per occupant. Exits that consist of a stairway need to have 0. So a function hall that has a maximum occupancy of 1, people and an exit that consisted of a corridor without stairs will need inches of doorway. With doorways at around 36 inches in width—wider than the Americans with Disabilities Act requires in the United States—that function hall would need approximately six such doors. As mentioned, another important consideration for determining the occupancy of a space is the intended use of the space. A restaurant with chairs and tables will have a smaller maximum occupancy than a bar with an open dance floor or layout. The IBC recommends for spaces with unconcentrated use of chairs and tables, such as a restaurant, that 15 square feet on that floor of the building be dedicated to each occupant. That means a square foot restaurant might have a maximum occupancy of 33 people. However the IBC recommends areas with concentrated use of chairs, such as a bar with a dance floor, have 7 square feet of floor space on that floor of the building per person. The same square foot space in a bar with a dance floor would have a tentative maximum occupancy of 71 people. That said, those numbers are all dependent on whether or not enough exits exist to allow all of those occupants to safely leave the building during an emergency. That staircase had turned into a chimney for the smoke and fire by the time that the first of the fire fighters arrived at AM. A number of trapped guests tried to escape through their windows, but only a small portion trapped managed to survive their escape while the rest either died inside or fell to their deaths. Of the remaining, 65 were injured and the rest made it to safety whether because they were below the third floor fire level or were rescued by the fire fighters who ultimately responded to the fire. This fire occurred just six months after the La Salle Hotel fire which killed 61 people. After these fires, President Truman ordered a national conference on fire prevention to revise fire codes for buildings. I often wonder at the number of public establishments where one half of a double door is locked. When calculating maximum capacity does the width of doorways include those that are locked? I suspect such locked doors ARE included in making the calculation and put the proprietors in violation of the law when these doors remain locked. Do they remain locked because of the few seconds it saves someone to unlock them? The common type of double door system that I think you might be referring to, such as often found in bars or retail stores, it is not a violation of the fire code because of the type of latching system used to lock the second door:. I do not think that has anything to do with the question. Whether a certain lock is permitted or not is irrelevant. The question is if the second door leaf can remain in a locked fixed position during business hours. The answer is NO. It is a violation to have a designated exit locked from the inside during operating hours. The only exception is correctional facilities, hospital wards, etc. This allows the door to stay locked on the outside from unwanted guests, yet visitors to escape easily from the inside. The double doors are designed to allow workers to bring in large furnishings.
A lumen is a unit of measurement indicating the visible light output of a light source. In practical terms, lumens tell you how bright a light bulb is. Light bulbs and some lighting fixtures carry a specific lumen value. The higher the lumens, the brighter the bulb. Lighting designers often use lumens per square foot to ensure a home has sufficient lighting. The basic calculation is very simple:. You can use this calculation to determine how much light per square foot you currently have in a room or to find out how much light you need or should have in a given area. Square footage is the same thing as wall-to-wall floor space. To measure the square footage of a room, measure the width and the length of the room, then multiply the numbers. If you're curious to know how much light a room is getting, simply add up the lumens of all the light bulbs in the room, and then divide by the room's square footage to find the lumens per square foot. For example, for a square-foot room with a single overhead fixture with two light bulbs, each producing lumens:. Finding the lumens is easy. Most energy-efficient LED and fluorescent light bulbs have their lumens value printed right on the bulb base. Incandescent bulbs list the lumens on the bulb packaging; if you can't find that, look for the wattage rating on the bulb's base and convert that to lumens using a wattage—lumens chart. Lighting experts recommend the following levels of light for various rooms in a home. These guidelines relate to general room lighting, such as that provided by standard ceiling fixtures or multiple lamps. In areas intended for work or reading, you would likely include additional, focused light called task lighting to brighten specific locations where light is crucial, such as kitchen countertops. Watts are no longer used as the standard "measure" of light bulb brightness, because watts actually indicate electricity usage, not light. In the old days, when most light bulbs were incandescent, a "watt" bulb indicated a certain level of brightness. But with an energy-efficient LED bulb, for example, you can get the same brightness with only 14 to 16 watts of electricity. A former carpenter, he has been a full-time writer and editor for over two decades, teaching DIYers about houses and everything we do with them.
Gym Equipment Packages Based on Square Footage
Try a free class! Many if not most of us come from non-athletic backgrounds. But in the CrossFit community, we care less about our differences and more about our similarities. We remember what it was like to do our first CrossFit workout. We remember how humiliating it was to realize we might finish last. But we also remember how everyone stuck around to cheer for us and give us high-fives when we finished…and how that made us feel like, somehow, we had won. Block CrossFit started in a backyard in Redlands, CA with little more than passion, some homemade equipment, and a few friends. We officially opened a box in Redlands in and have since watched our members get fitter, make friends, enter competitions, and generally have fun. Serious Fitness Serious Smiles! Your Fitness. Your Terms. Our coaches help you meet YOUR goals. Learn what your body can do. We believe that CrossFit improves not just your physical fitness but also your life in general. Gaining strength, power, speed, and flexibility is great. Gaining them with a bunch of friends is better!
Life Fitness Layout Experts
Findings from Burnidge Cassell and Associates, Inc. In the survey, 49 Illinois park and recreation directors and administrators revealed the following factors that affect their success. Membership Size. We all know that membership size dictates space requirements. With 96 pieces of equipment, a 1, square-foot free-weight area, and an adjacent two-lane elevated jogging track, you might think, what else do they need? According to Park Ridge's community center coordinator, Robert DeLeonardis, since it opened the fitness center has expanded into an adjoining space. A former aerobics room was converted into a free-weight area and allowed the number of cardiovascular equipment to increase in the fitness center. One idea the park district is considering is to convert an existing racquetball court into a spinning room with twelve exercise bikes. Thinking outside of the box, like Park Ridge, is one way to stay ahead with little capital expenditure. Photo by Burnidge Cassell Associates. Hours of Operation. Only one survey reported being open six days a week and, as you might expect, it also reported the smallest membership. Facility Size. With fitness centers proving to be revenue-generating program space, recreation professionals are realizing that bigger fitness centers are better. The park district plans to expand its existing 1,square-foot fitness center constructed in to 5, square feet. Schawel says: "If you don't keep up, people will go elsewhere. With membership leveling for the first time since opening the fitness center, the park district understands the potential for increasing their revenue through expanding their services. The park district is hopeful that its planned improvements will be adequate for the next 20 years. Inwhen the Itasca Park District was planning an addition to its facility, a fitness center wasn't initially included in the planning phase. Fortunately, a small fitness center was included to provide space for a couple pieces of equipment, right before the fitness craze hit. The park district has kept its focus on attracting and maintaining local patrons, keeping membership affordable, and providing and adding top-of-the-line equipment. The park district's goal is to grow its fitness center membership to 2, with the addition of its new space. Strategies to maintain and increase fitness center membership include marketing to corporations and senior citizens, sponsoring free health seminars, and conducting open-houses. The park district also phones existing members at least once a year to see how the park district is meeting their needs and seek ways for improvement. The size of the fitness centers ranged from square feet to 8, square feet, with an average 1, fitness members using a 3,square-foot fitness center. The Channahon Park District, for example, is looking to double the size of its existing fitness center. The park district has plans to design a new park district facility in partnership with the local school district since passing a successful referendum in April. Along with a 2,square-foot fitness center, a three-lane elevated jogging track will be incorporated immediately adjacent to the fitness center. Sue Micklevitz, Channahon's deputy executive director, says: "Our existing fitness center is too small and not able to expand. We've added one to two pieces of new equipment each year for the past several years and can't add any more. One survey reported a fitness membership of 3, people using pieces of equipment in a 6,square-foot fitness center. These equipment pieces include chest press, back extension, rotary torso, and abdominal crunch machines. These equipment pieces include treadmills, towers, steppers and incumbent cycles. These areas ranged from 40 to square feet.