1830s historical events

Revolutions of 1830

And while some glass ceilings have been shattered see: Title IXothers remain. But progress continues to be made. Do not put such unlimited power into the hands of the husbands. Remember, all men would be tyrants if they could. If particular care and attention is not paid to the ladies, we are determined to foment a rebellion, and will not hold ourselves bound by any laws in which we have no voice or representation. Sixty-eight women and 32 men including Frederick Douglass sign the Declaration of Sentiments, which sparked decades of activism, eventually leading to the passage of the 19th Amendment granting women the right to vote. January 23, Elizabeth Blackwell becomes the first woman to graduate from medical school and become a doctor in the United States. Look at me! Look at my arm! I have ploughed and planted, and gathered into barns, and no man could head me! And ain't I a woman? I could work as much and eat as much as a man—when I could get it—and bear the lash as well! I have borne 13 children, and seen most all sold off to slavery, and when I cried out with my mother's grief, none but Jesus heard me! InWyoming is the 44th state admitted to the Union and becomes the first state to allow women the right to vote. May 15, : Susan B. October 16, Margaret Sanger opens the first birth control clinic in the United States. April 2, : Jeannette Rankin of Montana, a longtime activist with the National Woman Suffrage Association, is sworn in as the first woman elected to Congress as a member of the House of Representatives. May: Amelia Earhart becomes the first woman, and second pilot ever Charles Lindbergh was first to fly solo nonstop across the Atlantic. The move helps launch the civil rights movement. Rosa Parks sitting in the front of a bus in Montgomery, Alabama, after the Supreme Court ruled segregation illegal on the city bus system on December 21st, May 9, The Food and Drug Administration FDA approves the first commercially produced birth control pill in the world, allowing women to control when and if they have children. June 10, : President John F. Kennedy signs into law the Equal Pay Actprohibiting sex-based wage discrimination between men and women performing the same job in the same workplace. July 2, : President Lyndon B. Johnsonsigns the Civil Rights Act into law; Title VII bans employment discrimination based on race, religion, national origin or sex. Wade decision, the U. Supreme Court. She retires inafter serving for 24 years. July 12, : Democratic presidential nominee Walter Mondale names U. Geraldine Ferraro N. Nancy Pelosi D-Calif. Inshe reclaims the title, becoming the first lawmaker to hold the office two times in more than 50 years. July 26, : Hillary Clinton becomes the first woman to receive a presidential nomination from a major political party. A record number of women will be serving in the new Congress. But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us! Subscribe for fascinating stories connecting the past to the present. It took activists and reformers nearly years to win that right, and the campaign was not easy: Disagreements over strategy threatened to cripple the movement more Feminism, a belief in the political, economic and cultural equality of women, has roots in the earliest eras of human civilization. It is typically separated into three waves: first wave feminism, dealing with property rights and the right to vote; second wave feminism, focusing

Native American History Timeline

Impossible to conquer, yet with the intrepid spirit of the mountain men, miners, and pioneers, they would begin an earnest try as the nation moved, in its first real phase, from east to west. Don't forget to look into many state historic sites when visiting the National Parks of the area. These sites, although smaller in scale than the National Historic Sites in many instances, carry a plethora of interesting tidbit about the nation's history that you don't want to miss. Get historical fiction about the son of Jesse James, nothing like his father, in Freeborn. Unique humor fiction. Photo above: Independence Rock on the Oregon Trail. First mentioned by Parker inand carries an inscription on the rock with the names of early trappers and explorers. Photo William H. Jackson, circa Right: Painting by Percy Moran,reflects the intensity of the battle of the Alamo. Photo courtesy Library of Congress. Your banner or text ad can fill the space above. Click here to Sponsor the page and how to reserve your ad. Courtesy Library of Congress. A reenactment of a wagon train on the Oregon Trail brings back the time of the great migration west at national historic sites such as Scotts Bluff National Historic Site. America's Best History where we take a look at the timeline of American History and the historic sites and national parks that hold that history within their lands. If you like us, share this page on Twitter, Facebook, or any of your other favorite social media sites. Search Google. To the s. Back to Index. Historic Fiction Get historical fiction about the son of Jesse James, nothing like his father, in Freeborn. Timeline - The s Conquering the West To the s. Frederick Douglas. Courtesy National Archives.

Trail of Tears

The s decade ran from January 1,to December 31, In this decade, the world saw a rapid rise of imperialism and colonialismparticularly in Asia and Africa. Britain saw a surge of power and world dominance, as Queen Victoria took to the throne in Conquests took place all over the world, particularly around the expansion of Ottoman Empire and the British Raj. New outposts and settlements flourished in Oceania, as Europeans began to settle over Australia and New Zealand. China was ruled by the Daoguang Emperor of the Qing dynasty during the s. The decade witnessed a rapid rise in the sale of opium in China, [2] despite efforts by the Daoguang Emperor to end the trade. Byopium sales climbed to 40, chests. Lin also closed the channel to Guangzhou Cantonleading to the seizure and destruction of 20, chests of opium. It would end three years later with the signing of the Treaty of Nanking in The latter asked for the help of the Dutchwho intervened from and helped the Adats defeat the Padri faction. The conflict intensified in the s, as the war soon centered on Bonjol, the fortified last stronghold of the Padris. It finally fell in [6] after being besieged for three years, and along with the exile of Padri leader Tuanku Imam Bonjolthe conflict died out. The Government of India Act was enacted to remove the East India Company 's remaining trade monopolies and divested it of all its commercial functions, renewing the Company's political and administrative authority for another twenty years. It invested the Board of Control with full power and authority over the Company. Inthe British East India company replaced Persian with local vernacular in various provinces as the official and court language. However, in the northern regions of the Indian subcontinent, Urdu instead of Hindi was chosen to replace Persian. InWilliam Henry Sleeman captured "Feringhea" in his efforts to suppress the Thuggee secret society. Sleeman's work led to his appointment as General Superintendent of the operations for the Suppression of Thuggee. In Februaryhe assumed charge of the office of Commissioner for the Suppression of Thuggee and Dacoity. During these operations, more than Thugs were hanged or transported for life. Upon his death inhis year-old niece Queen Victoria acceded to the throne. Queen Victoria took up residence in Buckingham Palacethe first reigning British monarch to make this, rather than St James's Palaceher London home. Britain had four prime ministers during the s. Wellington's government fell in latefailing to react to calls for reform. In Grey retired from public life, leaving Lord Melbourne as his successor. Reforms continued under Lord Melbourne, with the Poor Law Amendment Act inwhich stated that no able-bodied British man could receive assistance unless he entered a workhouse. Peel's failure to win a House of Commons majority in the resulting general election January made it impossible for him to govern, and the Whigs returned to power under Melbourne in April The Marriage Act established civil marriage and registration systems that permit marriages in nonconformist chapels, and a Registrar General of Births, Marriages, and Deaths. There were protests and significant unrest during the decade. In May and June in Wales, coal miners and others rioted for improved working conditions in what was known as the Merthyr Rising. William Howley Archbishop of Canterbury has his coach attacked by an angry mob on his first official visit to Canterbury in In Maythe People's Charter was drawn up in the United Kingdomdemanding universal suffrage. Chartism continued to gain popularity, leading to the Newport Rising inthe last large-scale armed rebellion against authority in mainland Britain. InJames Pratt and John Smith were hanged outside Newgate Prison in London after a conviction of sodomythe last deadly victims of the judicial persecution of homosexual men in England. Duc de Broglie briefly served as Prime Ministerwith many successors over the course of the decade. The first two Canut revolts occurred in the s. They were among the first well-defined worker uprisings of the Industrial Revolution. The word Canut was a common term to describe to all Lyonnais silk workers. The First Canut revolt in was provoked by a drop in workers' wages caused by a drop in silk prices.

Women’s History Milestones: A Timeline

Joseph Smith, suffering persecution in his native New York, leads his followers to Kirtland, Ohio, where they can build a new Zion. Louis requesting white teachers for their people, sparking a missionary movement to the Northwest. The mile journey through Indian country takes about six weeks, proving that even heavily loaded wagons and livestock -- the prerequisites for settlement -- can travel overland to the Pacific. The Indian Removal Act, passed with strong support from President Andrew Jackson, authorizes the federal government to negotiate treaties with eastern tribes exchanging their lands for land in the West. All costs of migration and financial aid to assist resettlement are provided by the government. Jackson forces through a treaty for removal of the Choctaw from Mississippi within the year. Alarmed at the growing number of Americans in Tejas, Mexico imposes sharp limits on further immigration. In Cherokee Nation v. State of Georgiaa dispute over Georgia's attempt to extend its jurisdiction over Cherokee territory, Chief Justice John Marshall denies Indians the right to court protection because they are not subject to the laws of the Constitution. He describes Indian tribes as "domestic dependent nations," saying that each is "a distinct political entity In Worcester v. State of Georgiathe Supreme Court rules that the federal government, not the states, has jurisdiction over Indian territories. The case concerns a missionary living among the Cherokees, Samuel A. Worcester, who was jailed for refusing to comply with a Georgia law requiring all whites residing on Indian land to swear an oath of allegiance to the state. In ruling against Georgia's actions, Chief Justice John Marshall writes that Indian tribes must be treated "as nations" by the national government and that state laws "can have no force" on their territories. Defying the court, Georgia keeps Worcester in jail, and President Andrew Jackson, when asked to correct the situation, says, "The Chief Justice has made his ruling; now let him enforce it. George Catlin begins his voyage up the Missouri, traveling more than 2, miles with trappers from the American Fur Company to their outpost at Fort Union, painting hundreds of portraits of Indians and Indian life along the way. At the San Felipe Convention, held in San Felipe de Austin, American settlers led by Stephen Austin vote to make Tejas a Mexican state, rather than a dependent territory, and draft a state constitution based on that of the United States. Austin himself carries the proposal to Mexico City, where President Santa Anna agrees to repeal the law limiting American immigration but refuses to grant statehood. The Choctaw complete their forced removal to the West under army guard. Congress restructures the Bureau of Indian Affairs as the Department of Indian Affairs, expanding the agency's responsibilities to include both regulating trade with the tribes, as before, and administering the Indian lands of the West. William Sublette and Robert Campbell establish Fort Laramie on the North Platte River in Wyoming, the first permanent trading post in the region and soon to be an important stopping point for pioneers traveling the Oregon Trail. The Florida Seminoles reject forced removal to the West and begin a seven-year war of resistance under Chief Osceola. The Cherokee finally sign a treaty of removal, giving up their lands in Georgia for territory in present-day Oklahoma. At a Consultation held in San Felipe de Austin, members of Stephen Austin's American colony issue a "Declaration of the People of Texas," proclaiming their independence of Santa Anna's government on the grounds that he has violated the Mexican constitution by proclaiming himself dictator. Mexican troops sent to put down the Texas rebellion are defeated at San Antonio by a tejano force led by Juan Seguin and sent home in humiliation after promising an end to the hostilities. Meeting at Washington-on-the-Brazos, Texans vote a Declaration of Independence, appoint an interim government and elect Sam Houston, former governor of Tennessee, commander-in-chief of the army. Houston orders his troops to withdraw from the fortress-like Alamo in San Antonio and the fortified town of Goliad, convinced that he can defeat Santa Anna's superior numbers only by drawing his army into a chase. The headstrong defenders of the Alamo and Goliad ignore Houston's commands. Santa Anna leads a force of 5, troops into San Antonio to put down the Texas rebellion. On March 6, in a brutal show of force, the Mexicans overwhelm Texans at the Alamo. Colonels William B. Travis, James Bowie and Davie Crockett perish in the massacre, which costs as many as 1, Mexican lives. A few weeks later, to the south, some Texans, commanded by James W. Fannin, are defeated and captured near Goliad. Continuing his brutal policies, Santa Anna orders them all executed. Setting out in pursuit of Houston's army, Santa Anna crosses the Brazos in hopes of capturing the newly formed Texas government at Harrisburg, where it has been urging Houston to stand and fight. But Houston, aware of his enemy's movements, launches a surprise attack along the San Jacinto in which the Mexicans are routed and Santa Anna taken captive. Negotiating from a field cot with a bullet-shattered leg, Houston secures Santa Anna's agreement to withdraw all his forces from Texas and to recognize Texan independence. On his return to Mexico, Santa Anna is driven into retirement and his agreement to recognize Texas independence is denounced.

Native American History Timeline

Years before Christopher Columbus stepped foot on what would come to be known as the Americas, the expansive territory was inhabited by Native Americans. Throughout the 16th and 17th centuries, as more explorers sought to colonize their land, Native Americans responded in various stages, from cooperation to indignation to revolt. Months after landing, Ponce de Leon is attacked by local Native Americans and fatally wounded. May : Spanish explorer and conquistador Hernando de Soto lands in Florida to conquer the region. He explores the South under the guidance of Native Americans who had been captured along the way. Hundreds of Native Americans are killed in the ensuing battle. Smith later writes that after being threatened by Chief Powhatan, he was saved by Pocahontas. This scenario is debated by historians. Pontiac and company successfully fend them off, but there are several casualties on both sides. November 2, - Native American Sacagawea, while 6 months pregnant, meets explorers Meriwether Lewis and William Clark during their exploration of the territory of the Louisiana Purchase. The explorers realize her value as a translator. November : U. June 18, : President James Madison signs a declaration of war against Britain, beginning the war between U. March 27, : Andrew Jackson, along with U. The Creeks cede more than 20 million acres of land after their loss. May 28, : President Andrew Jackson signs the Indian Removal Actwhich gives plots of land west of the Mississippi River to Native American tribes in exchange for land that is taken from them. More than 5, Cherokee die as a result of the journey. The series of relocations of Native American tribes and their hardships and deaths during the journey would become known as the Trail of Tears. Cochise and the Apache increase raids on white Americans for a decade afterwards. November 29, : Colorado volunteer forces attack Cheyenne and Arapho encampments along Sand Creek, killing and mutilating more than American Indians during what would become known as the Sandy Creek Massacre. Custer and his troops are defeated and killed, increasing tensions between Native Americans and white Americans. February 8, : President Grover Cleveland signs the Dawes Actgiving the president the authority to divide up land allotted to Native Americans in reservations to individuals. December 29, : U. June 2, : U. Congress passes the Indian Citizenship Actgranting citizenship to all Native Americans born in the territorial limits of the country. Previously, citizenship had been limited, depending on what percentage Native American ancestry a person had, whether they were veterans, or, if they were women, whether they were married to a U. Vice President under President Herbert Hoover. Johnsongranting Native American tribes many of the benefits included in the Bill of Rights. But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us! Subscribe for fascinating stories connecting the past to the present. In fact, InU. Rather, the Carlisle Indian Industrial School was a government-backed institution that Decades later, those words—delivered in a speech by U. Forced removal. Now, California They came from near and far: Native American chiefs and representatives of various tribes bearing gifts for a historic meeting.

American Greatest Hits by Year, 1840-2013

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